EU relations with Russia

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  • 29/01/2015
    Remarks by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini upon arrival at the Extraordinary Foreign Affairs Council Remarks by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini upon arrival at the Extraordinary Foreign Affairs Council <p><span style="line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Calibri','sans-serif'; font-size: 14pt; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">As you know, after the unacceptable attack in Mariupol, I decided to convene this extraordinary Council, also on the request of Members States and in agreement with President Tusk.</span></p> 01/29/2015 16:28:07 01/29/2015 16:28:07 01/29/2015 16:28:07 01/05/2017 16:28:07 2015012916 090126248e3148c2 N 090126248e3148c2 /statements-eeas/2015/150129_01_en.htm 10198 xml Y /statements-eeas/2015/150129_01_en.htm 1 /statements-eeas/2015/150129_01_en.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150129_01_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Remarks by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini upon arrival at the Extraordinary Foreign Affairs Council
  • 19/01/2015
    Remarks by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini upon arrival at Foreign Affairs Council Remarks by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini upon arrival at Foreign Affairs Council <p>Today the Council will have many different heavy issues on the table. We'll start with a discussion on how to counter terrorism not only in Europe but also in other parts of the world such as in the Mediterranean region and Africa.</p> 01/19/2015 10:58:11 01/19/2015 10:58:11 01/19/2015 10:58:11 01/07/2016 10:58:11 2015011910 090126248e149bb0 N 090126248e149bb0 /statements-eeas/2015/150119_02_en.htm 12765 xml Y /statements-eeas/2015/150119_02_en.htm 1 /statements-eeas/2015/150119_02_en.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150119_02_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Remarks by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini upon arrival at Foreign Affairs Council
  • 30/12/2014
    Statement by the Spokesperson on the sentencing of Alexey Navalny and his brother Oleg Navalny Statement by the Spokesperson on the sentencing of Alexey Navalny and his brother Oleg Navalny <p>The guilty verdict delivered today, Tuesday 30 December, by the Zamoskvoretsky Court against Alexey Navalny and his brother Oleg Navalny appears to be politically motivated.</p> 12/30/2014 17:09:50 12/30/2014 17:09:50 12/30/2014 17:09:50 12/06/2016 17:09:50 2014123017 090126248de2810f N 090126248de2810f /statements-eeas/2014/141230_3_en.htm 9850 xml Y /statements-eeas/2014/141230_3_en.htm 2 /statements-eeas/2014/141230_3_en.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141230_3_fr.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141230_3_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Statement by the Spokesperson on the sentencing of Alexey Navalny and his brother Oleg Navalny

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The Russian Federation's role in the Ukraine conflict has seriously affected EU-Russia relations. Consequently, some of the activities outlined below are at a halt and sanctions have been adopted.

Russia is the EU's biggest neighbour and its third biggest trading partner. Supplies of oil and gas make up a large proportion of the country's exports to Europe.

Legal basis for cooperation

The current basis for cooperation is the 1994 Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA).

Negotiations on a new EU-Russia Agreement were launched at the 2008 Khanty-Mansiysk summit. The new agreement should:

  • provide a more comprehensive framework for EU-Russia relations, reflecting increased cooperation since the early 1990s
  • include substantive, legally binding commitments in all areas of the partnership, including political dialogue, freedom, security & justice, economic cooperation, research, education & culture, trade, investment and energy.

Common spaces

Ongoing EU-Russia cooperation covers 4 policy areas – referred to as common spaces:

  • economy & the environment
  • freedom, security & justice 
  • external security ­
  • research & education, including cultural aspects.

Partnership for Modernisation

Established following the 2010 Rostov Summit, the Partnership for Modernisation covers all aspects of moderni­sation – economic, technical (including standards and regulations), the rule of law, and the functioning of the judiciary. It has become a focal point for cooperation, reinforcing dialogue initiated in the context of the common spaces. For details, see the latest progress report .

Recent Partnership initiatives include:

  • rule of law projects (setting up an appeal system within the Russian judicial system; anti-corruption measures)
  • fostering  civil society in Russia
  • economic and technical modernisation.

International cooperation

The EU and Russia have a long record of cooperation on issues of bilateral and international concern including climate change, drug and human trafficking, organized crime, counter-terrorism, non-proliferation, the Middle East peace process, and Iran.

Sanctions

In response to Russia's illegal annexation of Crimea and continuing destabilisation of Ukraine - including aggression by Russian armed forces on Ukrainian soil - the EU has suspended talks on visas and a new EU-Russia agreement. Most EU-Russia cooperation programmes have been suspended.

Targeted measures have been taken against Russia in areas including:

  • access to capital markets,
  • defence
  • dual-use goods
  • sensitive technologies (including those in the energy sector).

The European Investment Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development have suspended the signing of new financing operations in Russia.

A trade and investment ban is now in force for Crimea/Sevastopol, bolstering measures taken to mark the EU's non-recognition of the annexation of Crimea. Furthermore, a number of individuals and bodies in Russia and Ukraine are subject to travel bans, and their assets have been frozen.

Russia has taken retaliatory measures, including a ban on the import of certain foods from the EU and several non-EU countries.

For further details of the impact of the Ukraine conflict on EU-Russia relations, including sanctions, see Russia-Ukraine , EU sanctions.