Yet, the Secretary General's latest report on Women, Peace and Security delivers a deeply worrying outlook in the status of societal involvement of women and, in particular, the involvement of women in countries that are affected by violent conflict. The engagement of women in political life has gone up, and today 25% of the parliamentarians globally are women. However, in conflict affected countries, only 19% of the parliamentarians are women. The number of peace agreements that have provisions for gender equality has increased from 14% to 22%, but 78% of the peace agreements make no specific arrangement to ensure equal inclusion of women in the rebuilding of the country. In the major peace processes since 1992, 6% of the signatories were women. In other words, 94% of the signatories to agreements that were the negotiated and agreed fundament for re-establishment and rebuilding of entire societies were men.
That's just absurd. And that's why the Gender Strategy for UN Peacebuilding Commission remains indispensable.
The launch of the review of the implementation the Gender Strategy was appropriate and timely. On the difficult agenda of Women, Peace and Security there is a significant implementation gap: we need to focus on closing the gap between what is being said and what is being done. In the 20 years that have passed since the adoption of resolution 1325, academic studies have documented that women’s participation of women is essential at all levels and in all areas of expertise, in particular women peacebuilders, grassroots women groups and organisations, and women’s mediation networks. Based on that knowledge, policies, strategies and frameworks have been developed. But as the Secretary-General’s report document, the practical implementation is lagging. The EU strongly supports the regular monitoring and review of the Peacebuilding Commission gender strategy as well as the development of a gender strategy action plan, including monitoring and evaluation framework;
The Peacebuilding Commission is in a unique position to promote women's much needed involvement in peace processes, and the EU recommends that a comprehensive approaching is taken towards this. Women are the experts of their own experience. Their messages and contribution to understanding the causes of instability and conflict are essential to finding ways forward. And to heard those messages, we need that more women are involved in peacebuilding. This would go hand-in-hand with EU's work in the field. Through the EU Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security we work to ensure the rights, agency and protection of women and girls as well as a meaningful and equitable role in decision-making for women during all stages of conflict prevention, peace-making, peacebuilding and post-conflict rehabilitation.
Finally, in the analysis of the root causes of conflict, a gendered approach is an essential step towards better informed discussions in the Peacebuilding Commission, and better advice to the Security Council.