Nuclear Safety

Palm Oil | Kelapa Sawit

29/11/2019 - 11:00
News stories

Palm Oil | Kelapa Sawit

Photo: Pixabay/ Tristantan

  • The European Union (EU) is one the three biggest importers of Indonesian palm oil.
  • No trade barriers or discriminatory legislation towards palm oil.
  • Low EU tariffs (0 to 10.9%) in comparison with other export markets.
  • The value of EU 2018 palm oil imports from Indonesia decreased by 22% compared to the year of 2017. Part of the palm oil previously exported to the EU for processing, however, in 2018 has been turned into biodiesel in Indonesia and sold to the EU as such. Even with a collapse in palm oil prices, in 2018 the combined value of Indonesian palm oil and biodiesel exports to the EU only decreased by 2% compared to the year of 2017. In the first 5 months of 2019, in term of volume, the imports have recovered with an increase of 0.7%.
  • Imports in the past 5 years have been relatively stable at an average of 3.5 million tons or €2.2 billion per year. Indonesia's market share in the EU remains the largest at 47 %.


Read our factsheets for more info:

 (Updated: 4 September 2019)


  1. Palm Oil: Facts & Figures on Trade and Sustainability
  2. EU's Renewable Energy Directive & its impact on Palm Oil
  3. Phasing Out of Crop-Based Biofuels by 2030 in the EU RED II
  4. Provisional Countervailing Duties on Imports of Indonesian Biodiesel


To find out more about EU-Indonesia Partnership, access here:




More reading


Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2092 of 28 November 2019 imposing a definitive countervailing duty on imports of biodiesel originating in Indonesia


Case AS650 - Biodiesel


Commission imposes countervailing duties on Indonesian biodiesel (Brussels, 13 August 2019)


Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/807 of 13 March 2019 supplementing Directive (EU) 2018/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the determination of high indirect land-use change-risk feedstock for which a significant expansion of the production area into land with high carbon stock is observed and the certification of low indirect land-use change-risk biofuels, bioliquids and biomass fuels


Directive (EU) 2018/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources


Report from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on the status of production expansion of relevant food and feed crops worldwide | Annexes to the Report


The European Commission specifies the criteria to ensure that biofuels used in the transport sector are sustainable in the context of the recast Renewable Energy Directive (News | 13 March 2019)


Factsheet: Sustainability criteria for biofuels specified


Delegated Act on High and Low ILUC-risk Biofuels - Background


Delegated Act on High and Low ILUC-risk Biofuels - Questions & Answers


Do you want to know more about the sustainability criteria for the revised Renewable Energy Directive (RED II)? Read HERE


Palm Oil: Opportunities to live up to our commitments Op-ed by Vincent Guérend (Kompas, 5 June 2018)



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