The EU attaches great importance to the highest standards of nuclear safety in Europe and beyond its borders. Through cooperation under the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC), the EU contributes to the improvement of nuclear safety levels and efficient and effective nuclear safeguards in non-EU countries around the globe.
The current INSC, Council Regulation (Euratom) No 237/2014, is the successor of the INSC 2007-2013 programme, which itself was a follow-up of the TACIS nuclear programme. € 225 million has been allocated for the period 2014 - 2020 to support EU activities and promote the highest levels of nuclear safety, radiation protection and effective nuclear safeguards globally. Beyond bilateral engagement the INSC also supports joint projects with the International Atomic Energy Agency, and contributes towards completion of the Chernobyl projects through the relevant Funds managed by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. The EU is the largest donor to these Funds devoted to the completion of vital work at Chernobyl.
Major elements of INSC cooperation with non-EU countries include the promotion and development of effective regulatory frameworks, technical support to regulatory bodies and national technical safety organisations, including in the field of nuclear safeguards, radioactive waste management and emergency preparedness. EU support is aimed at ensuring that nuclear safety is the leading concept in regulatory and legal frameworks and operational decisions in non-EU countries.
Cooperation under INSC is ongoing or planned with approximately 20 countries worldwide, bilaterally and regionally. The EU is cooperating with countries in the Eastern and Southern Neighbourhoods, Central Asia, Middle East, (including with Iran under the terms of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action), Africa and expanding the nuclear safety cooperation to countries in Latin America, Asia and South-East Asia.