Relations between the European Union and the Republic of Armenia are based on the Comprehensive and Enhanced
Partnership Agreement (CEPA), a modern, ambitious Agreement, which was signed on 24 November 2017 and entered
into full force on 1 March 2021. This Agreement provides a framework for Armenia and the EU to work together to
advance mutual interests in the areas of strengthening democracy, the rule of law and human rights, creating more
jobs and business opportunities, fairer rules, more safety and security, a cleaner environment, and better education
and opportunities for research.
The European Union’s engagement with Tajikistan has developed significantly the country’s independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. The current basis for our relations is the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA), in force since its ratification in 2010. The EU is also preparing to engage in Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (EPCA) negotiations with Tajikistan.
The Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement between the European Union and Kazakhstan entered into force on 1 March 2020. This new agreement, which constitutes the first of its kind signed by the EU with one of its Central Asian partners, provides a comprehensive framework within which bilateral relations are conducted and has elevated relations between the EU and Kazakhstan to a new level.
Bilateral relations between the European Union and Turkmenistan are governed by an Interim Agreement on trade and trade-related matters, which entered into force in August 2010, pending ratification of a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) by the European Parliament. The EU Strategy on Central Asia of June 2019 together with the related Council conclusions of June 2019 provide the EU’s overall regional framework for engagement.
Ukraine is a priority partner for the European Union (EU). The EU supports Ukraine in ensuring a stable, prosperous and democratic future for its citizens and is unwavering in its support for Ukraine’s ndependence, territorial integrity and sovereignty. The Association Agreement (AA), including its Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) signed in 2014, is the main tool for bringing Ukraine and the EU closer together, promoting deeper political ties, stronger economic links and respect for common values. Ukraine continues an ambitious reform programme to accelerate economic growth and improve the livelihoods of its citizens. Priority reforms include the fight against corruption, reform of the judiciary, constitutional and electoral reforms, improvement of the business climate and energy efficiency, as well as reform of public administration and decentralisation. Since 2014, the EU and the Financial Institutions have
mobilised more than €15 billion in grants and loans to support the reform process, with strong conditionality on continued progress.
The European Union’s relations with Azerbaijan are based on the EU-Azerbaijan Partnership and Cooperation Agreement in force since 1999. In February 2017, the EU and Azerbaijan began negotiations on a new framework agreement designed to enhance the political dialogue, trade and mutually beneficial cooperation. Azerbaijan is a strategic energy partner for the EU and plays a pivotal role in bringing Caspian energy resources to the EU market. In 2018, the EU and Azerbaijan endorsed joint Partnership Priorities, along the four Eastern Partnership priorities that guide our political dialogue and cooperation.
The close relationship between the European Union and Mozambique encompasses partnerships at bilateral, regional and global level. In its co-operation with Mozambique, the EU has been an active supporter of peace and security, as well as a leading actor in trade, investment, development cooperation and humanitarian aid.
More than 3,000 academic exchange opportunities will be available for students and academic staff to study teach and train, thanks to the EU's Erasmus+ new Call for Proposals for Russia with a total budget of EUR 17 million. The EU has kicked off an awareness raising campaign to inform young people in Russia about these opportunities between the EU and Russia.
Years of violent fighting in Syria left thousands of schools destroyed, damaged or used as shelters for families who lost their homes. 11-year-old Nour struggled to follow lessons in a dark classroom up until the EU and UNICEF stepped in providing solar panels to generate electricity, and kindling her dream to become an architect. “I want to rebuild our destroyed house, but with a better design,” she says cheerfully in her now lit up classroom. In their first ever meeting, EU High Representative Mogherini and newly elected UNICEF Executive Director, Henrietta H. Fore, discussed further cooperation between the EU and UNICEF in providing assistance and hope to more children like Nour, trapped by conflict and poverty.