The Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP)


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Cyber threats have multiplied over recent years and can pose serious threats to the EU, its Member States and citizens. On 25 June, six EU countries signed a Declaration of Intent for the development of an EU Cyber Rapid Response Force, which more countries are expected to soon join.


In June 2016 High Representative Mogherini submitted the "Global Strategy for the European Union's Foreign and Security Policy". Now, two years on, on 25 June 2018 the second progress report on its implementation was just published. The report highlights in particular the significant and fast progress that has been achieved in the area of security and defence.


En juin 2016, la haute représentante Mogherini a présenté la «Stratégie globale pour la politique étrangère et de sécurité de l’Union européenne». Aujourd’hui, deux ans plus tard, le 25 juin 2018, le deuxième rapport sur l’état d’avancement de sa mise en œuvre vient d’être publié. Ce rapport souligne notamment les progrès rapides et importants qui ont été accomplis dans le domaine de la sécurité et de la défense.


European ministers on 26 June adopted a revised action plan on maritime security. With the new plan, Europe strengthens its commitment to security at sea – both at home and around the world.


The revised EU Maritime Security Strategy (EU MSS) Action Plan contributes to the implementation of the EU Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy and the Joint Communication on International Ocean Governance. It features, for the first time, a section dedicated to regions and sea basins, including the Horn of Africa-Red Sea, which is a major choke point of international trade and the crossroads between the Mediterranean basin and the Wider Indian Ocean region. The threat posed by Somalia-based pirates to maritime trade routes is now largely in check, with incidents occurring sporadically. EU NAVFOR Operation ATALANTA has played a major role in securing this area.

Estonia is in all probability the world leader in cyber-related issues. This is one of the reasons why the Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence is located in its capital Tallinn. This centre's major event is the annual cyber conference (CyCon), which this year was held from 27 to 31 May 2018.

90% of the EU's external trade and 40% of its internal trade is transported by sea. Safe and secure seas and oceans are of fundamental importance for free trade, the EU economy and living standards.