For centuries, Europe was a continent of war. However after the Second World War, the European Union has become a most successful peace project, being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2012. Today the EU's ambition is to be a global actor for peace more than ever.
The High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission, Federica Mogherini, will over the next two days in Brussels participate at the NATO Summit and the meeting of the Global Coalition to Counter Da'esh, as well as hold a number of bilateral meetings, including with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, all with a focus on enhancing European and global security.
The Presidents of the European Council and Commission and NATO Secretary General on 10 July issued a second Joint Declaration highlighting substantial progress in cooperation between the two organisations since 2016, welcoming EU efforts to boost the Union's security and defence capabilities and agreeing to increase work in the areas of military mobility, counter- terrorism, countering chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear-related risks and the promotion of the women, peace and security agenda. The capabilities developed through the defence initiatives of the EU and NATO should remain coherent, complementary and interoperable, agreed the leaders meeting in Brussels.
Cooperation between Member States within the framework of "Permanent Structured Cooperation", sharing of defence plans and more investment in security and defence will strengthen the EU's strategic autonomy and reinforce NATO, agree all 28 national leaders.
In light of a changing security environment, the EU Global Strategy for Foreign and Security Policy (EUGS) started a process of closer cooperation in security and defence. The EU Member States agreed to step up the European Union's work in this area and acknowledged that enhanced coordination, increased investment in defence and cooperation in developing defence capabilities are key requirements to achieve it.
Cyber threats have multiplied over recent years and can pose serious threats to the EU, its Member States and citizens. On 25 June, six EU countries signed a Declaration of Intent for the development of an EU Cyber Rapid Response Force, which more countries are expected to soon join.