The Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP)


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Cyberspace is like the physical world. It offers great opportunities, politically and economically, but unfortunately, it is also a space where state and non-state actors breach the rule of law, misuse technology to advance their political agendas. The threat is real, it evolves constantly and it becomes everyday more important.

Today, the Commission and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy are presenting a new EU Cybersecurity Strategy. As a key component of Shaping Europe's Digital Future, the Recovery Plan for Europe and the EU Security Union Strategy, the Strategy will bolster Europe's collective resilience against cyber threats and help to ensure that all citizens and businesses can fully benefit from trustworthy and reliable services and digital tools.


The EU is determined to promote and protect a global, open, stable and secure cyberspace for everyone to have a safe digital life. Increased cybersecurity is essential for the EU to become a resilient, green and digital Union.

The Council today adopted conclusions which call for further enhanced responses at EU level to counter hybrid threats, including disinformation, and strengthening resilience. The Council notes that new technologies and crises, such as the ongoing pandemic, offer opportunities for hostile actors to expand their interference activities. These pose an additional challenge for the member states and the EU institutions, besides the crisis itself.


On 10 December, the European Union and China held their 11th annual consultations on security and defence.

On 1 December 2020, the European Union and Vietnam held their second consultations on security and defence, hosted by Vietnam via video conference. The first consultations had taken place in Brussels on 22 November 2019.

The European Union’s eleven civilian CSDP missions are crucial to the EU’s foreign policy and crisis management response, supporting partner countries in addressing security challenges including organised crime, terrorism and hybrid threats. Two years ago, the Council agreed to significantly strengthen EU civilian crisis management through a series of practical commitments, called the Civilian CSDP Compact. Today the Security Policy Directors of the EU Member States and the EU services met online to review progress made on the Compact commitments.


In light of a changing security environment, the EU Global Strategy for Foreign and Security Policy (EUGS) started a process of closer cooperation in security and defence. EU Member States agreed to step up the European Union’s work in this area and acknowledged the need for enhanced coordination, increased investment and more cooperation in developing defence capabilities.