European Union External Action

 

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SAARC is an economic and political regional organisation of countries in South Asia set up in 1985. It aims to accelerate the process of economic and social development in its member states through increased intra-regional cooperation.

The EU’s relations with non-EU Western European countries (Andorra, Iceland, Monaco, Norway, Liechtenstein, San Marino, Switzerland) differ in many respects from those with the other European non-EU countries. Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein are to a significant degree integrated with the EU’s internal market, with differing conditions for such integration.

The Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) are countries that have a special relationship with one of the Member States of the European Community.

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, The Republic of Moldova and Ukraine are European countries not part of the EU

The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf is a regional organisation, with six members: The Kingdom of Bahrain, the State of Kuwait, the Sultanate of Oman, the State of Qatar, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. Set up in 1981, its objectives are to enhance coordination, integration and inter-connection among its members.

The Union for the Mediterranean promotes economic integration across 15 neighbours to the EU’s south in North Africa, the Middle East and the Balkans region.

Europe and Africa have close historical, cultural and geographical ties. EU-Africa relations are based on the 2000 Cotonou Agreement with African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries, which grew out of the 1975 Lomé Convention.

EU relations with the ACP group date back to the 1975 Lomé Convention, revised on four occasions until 1989. This was replaced by the Cotonou Agreement in 2000, revised in 2005 in Luxembourg and in 2010 in Ouagadougou, and covers EU-ACP relations until 2020.

The ACP-EU Partnership Agreement, signed in Cotonou on 23 June 2000, is the most comprehensive partnership agreement between developing countries and the EU.

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