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Joint Press Release: Pakistan-EU Joint Commission, Islamabad, 23 November 2016

2016 has seen an increase in reported Violence Against Women in Afghanistan going against improvements in the area of Human Rights during the last years. This is unacceptable. The EU calls for prompt and significant action from the Afghan Government to end violence against women.

Mr Jobst von Kirchmann, Head of Unit for Pacific, Middle East, Gulf and Central Asia in the European Commission’s Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development signed today with Mr Richard Hipa, Deputy National Authorising Officer of Niue, a financing agreement of € 300,000 (NZD 458,000) to support the implementation of the Niue National Strategic Plan and the energy sector specific plan.

Mr Jobst von Kirchmann, Head of Unit for Pacific, Middle East, Gulf and Central Asia in the European Commission’s Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development signed today with Mr David Adeang, Minister for Economy a financing agreement of € 2.4 Mio to support implementation of Nauru's National Sustainable Development Strategy and the Nauru Energy Road Map.

Introduction                                                                                                                           

 Scholars have devoted considerable effort to understanding the European Union’s (EU) role in international politics. It has been argued that the EU’s global role can be understood as ‘civilian’ (Duchene 1973), ‘responsible’ (Mayer 2008),  ‘ethical’ (Aggestam 2008), or ‘small’ (Toje 2011). This essay will focus on the notion of the EU as a ‘normative’ power, first popularised by Ian Manners (2002). Manners argued that the EU’s ability to influence the behaviour of others by exporting its values, rendered it a distinct kind of actor in world politics.

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