In 2015, Austria was confronted with an unprecedented flow of asylum seekers and refugees, especially along the Western Balkans route. Since this challenged our capabilities, Austria called for EU action, including CSDP measures, as early as September 2015. A few EU measures have since been taken, but more should follow. Additionally, CSDP measures have exclusively focused on the central Mediterranean route.
After accepting more than 100 000 asylum seekers in 2015, and more than one million refugees crossing Austrian territory, we were forced to adopt national measures in 2016 to slow down the flow of refugees. With the help of partner countries in the Western Balkans, it was possible to close the Western Balkans route on 9 March 2016. At the same time, the EU brokered an agreement with Turkey to prevent refugees from entering the EU from Turkey via the Greek islands, as well as to stop networks of smugglers from exploiting refugees desperate to get to Europe.
Both measures resulted in a significant decrease of refugees arriving in Europe, but the crisis is not over yet. Therefore, Austria would still like to see more measures implemented. Specifically, a civil-military mechanism at EU level, ideally supported by all Member States, should be established to deal with rapid changes in the numbers of refugees arriving in Europe. Assistance should be available to EU Member States, as well as to immediate neighbours. Additionally, the EU should support bilateral and regional measures in order to nurture the population’s sense of security.
The 33rd session of the Human Rights Council ("HRC33") concluded today in Geneva, after three weeks of intense work. Active across the board, the European Union participated in plenary debates as well as interactive dialogues and other fora. The EU successfully led a resolution establishing a Commission of Inquiry on Burundi to conduct thorough investigations into human rights violations in the country, contributing towards full accountability for these acts.
The Sultanate of Oman is a monarchy where the chief of State and government is Sultan Haitham bin Tariq who has been in power since January 2020 Legislation is in the form of royal decree issued by the Sultan. The Council of Oman is an advisory council made up of the 84-member Majlis al-Shura (Consulatitve Council) elected by universal suffrage and the Majlis al-Dawla (State Council) which is appointed by the Sultan. Political parties are not allowed.
وتُمثل المندوبية الموجودة في الرياض، الاتحاد الأوروبي في المملكة العربية السعودية، والبحرين، والكويت، وسلطنة عمان، وقطر، وفي مجلس التعاون لدول الخليج العربية. أما المندوبية الموجودة في أبو ظبي فتُمثل الاتحاد الأوروبي في الامارات العربية المتحدة.