Resource efficiency and circular economy models can help us in decoupling economic growth from resource use and its negative environmental externalities. There is growing global acknowledgement of the significance of resource efficiency and circular economy for achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals and commitments under the Paris Agreement. The transition to the circular economy requires a 'systemic shift' and global cooperation.
The Arctic region sits at the crossroads of major trends that contribute to reshaping the foreign policies of the European Union, Norway and Canada: it is home to significant geopolitical rivalries expressed by its neighbouring powers, and it also witnesses dramatic environmental and socio-economic changes to its structure and ecosystem. What common views do Europeans and Canadians share about these global challenges? How can they work together towards addressing them? What form should this multilateral cooperation take?