The political dialogue element of the EU-Kyrgyz Republic Partnership and Cooperation Agreement aims at strengthening the links between the Kyrgyz Republic, the EU and its Member States. Dialogue takes place on many levels, in different formats and on different issues, including:
- The Cooperation Council at ministerial level;
- Cooperation Committee at senior official level;
- Subcommittee on Trade and Investment; Subcommittee on Development Cooperation (to be launched);
- Human Rights Dialogue;
- Parliamentary Cooperation Committee
Three EU-Central Asia regional platforms aim at enhancing cooperation on common issues: the Rule of Law Platform, the Education Platform and the Platform for Environment and Water Cooperation.
In 2016, total EU-Kyrgyz trade amounted to €310 million. The Kyrgyz Republic has been a member of the WTO since 1998. In 2016, the European Union granted Kyrgyzstan GSP+ status. This opened up new potential for economic relations between the two partners and offers opportunities for Kyrgyzstan to increase and diversify its exports and to strengthen its economy. The GSP+ scheme offers Kyrgyzstan zero customs duties on over 6200 EU tariff lines. In exchange Kyrgyzstan has committed to the effective implementation of 27 core international conventions on human and labour rights, environmental protection and good governance. In 2016, Kyrgyzstan's first year under GSP+, out of EU total imports worth € 72.5 million from Kyrgyzstan, 4% (€ 3.2 million) entered the EU using GSP+ preferences.
The European Union is one of the main donors in the Kyrgyz Republic. For the timeframe 2014-2020, the EU has allocated €184 million of bilateral aid to the Kyrgyz Republic in grants in the framework of the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI).
This DCI aid is primarily directed at three focal sectors and support measures: Integrated rural development, education and the rule of law.
Additionally, the EU is allocating €245 million to regional cooperation projects in Central Asia in 2014-2020. Under this framework, the EU provides support in areas related to security, notably through long-standing border management, water security and drug prevention programmes. On the economic side, the Investment Facility for Central Asia adds EU grants to loans provided by Financial Institutions, for example the European Investment Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Over €25 million were allocated to regional priorities such as infrastructure for waste management and water supply in urban areas, or energy efficiency. The generous financial contribution is further completed by the use of the EU's thematic instruments: the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace, the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights and Erasmus +. The EU also contributes to chemical biological radiological and nuclear risks mitigation. In addition, a one-off macro-financial assistance worth €30 million (50% in grants and 50% in loans) has been disbursed in 2015-16.