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Israel retains almost exclusive control over law enforcement, planning and construction in Area C.
In line with the recommendations of the EU Foreign Affairs Council Conclusions, the European Union works in Area C on two fronts: humanitarian assistance and development.
The EU provides humanitarian assistance to communities in need in Area C in accordance with the humanitarian imperative. At the same time, the EU works with the Palestinian Authority to develop Area C and support Palestinian presence there. This includes projects promoting economic development and improving the quality of life of Palestinian communities in the areas of the private sector development, the environment and agriculture. The EU consults with the local communities themselves and the Israeli authorities where necessary.
In the last three years, the EU committed around €20 million Euros to support the Palestinian socio-economic development in Area C. While around €23 million Euros were provided for humanitarian assistance through the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department (ECHO).