The European Union (EU) and Brazil have a long-standing relationship covering areas such as political cooperation, the economy, trade, investment, climate change and the Mercosur integration process.
Brazil and the EU share a long-standing relationship based on strong cultural and historical ties. In fact, Brazil was one of the first countries to establish diplomatic relations with the EU. In the 1960s, the two parties exchanged formal diplomatic Missions.
In 2007, the EU recognised Brazil as one of its key global partners through the establishment of the formal EU-Brazil Strategic Partnership.
This partnership covers a range of issues including:
- climate change
- sustainable energy
- the fight against poverty
- the Mercosur integration process
- stability and prosperity in Latin America.
Summits provide progress
The new partnership was launched at the 1st EU-Brazil Summit held in Lisbon in 2007.
These summit meetings are organised on an annual basis and have proved to be effective in strengthening political dialogue and cooperation between the two sides.
To date, regular dialogues have been set up in over 15 areas such as: political issues and human rights; environment and climate change; culture and education; maritime and air transport; energy; and science and technology.
Important developments in recent summits include:
- The adoption of a Joint Action Plan during the 2nd EU-Brazil Summit in Rio in 2008. The Action Plan is carried out through cooperation between government institutions on policy issues that underpin mutual cooperation.
- The 3rd EU-Brazil Summit held in Stockholm in 2009 focused on climate change and helped to coordinate positions ahead of the Copenhagen Climate Summit.
- The dialogue on climate change continued at the 4th EU-Brazil Summit held in Brasilia in 2010. Other global issues of common interest were discussed, such as the economic and financial crisis, the resumption of EU-Mercosur negotiations and implementation of the EU-Brazil Action Plan.
- The 5th EU-Brazil Summit took place in Brussels in 2011. Among the issues discussed were the continuing economic and social effects of the financial crisis.
- The 6th EU-Brazil Summit was held in Brasilia in 2013. Topics discussed included progress on the EU-Brazil Strategic Partnership and the Joint Action Plan 2012-2014, the state of the respective economies and the current issues in the world economy.
Also up for debate in 2013 was a dialogue on agriculture and a summit between the EU and heads of the Latin American/Caribbean countries (the EU-LAC Summit).