The provision of military and defence assistance and equipment to strengthen the capacities of third States and regional and international organisations will take place in accordance with international standards, and with a view to ensuring the recipients’ respect for relevant international law, including international human rights law (IHRL) and international humanitarian law (IHL). The EU will provide this assistance with adequate assurances regarding its end-use.
This IMF is not a public document. This document explains the methodology and the process that will be followed to assess assistance measures to partners under the European Peace Facility.
What are the key principles underpinning the Integrated Methodological Framework?
The IMF will be applied in a proportionate and risk sensitive manner. Political oversight, assessment, conditions and control will allow for a tailored-made approach according to specific circumstances.
At the same time, beneficiary’s commitments, monitoring and control measures should be mandatory, proportionate and developed on a case-by-case basis. Context analysis will consider, in addition to the risks of providing any particular kind of assistance, thorough considerations on the risks raised by inaction, which might be far greater.
What is the process?
The methodological framework is a robust process with guidelines and points to be examined, on a case-by-case basis, and in a sound and proportionate manner according to the specifics of each assistance measure. It ensures the identification risks and benefits, as well as provisions designed to prevent diversion or abuse of equipment.
The IMF comprises a number of elements including a context sensitive analysis, verification of compliance, identification of control measures and required commitments from the beneficiary, as well as identification of post-delivery monitoring and control requirements. It follows a two-phase approach.
Phase 1: Assessment of the context of a given EPF assistance measure
The first phase will consist of two-steps:
Phase 2: Verification of compliance and identification of required control measures to implement a foreseen EPF assistance measure
This phase will address the specific features linked to the provision of equipment to military and defence actors.
The Council will elaborate arrangements on the commitments to respect specific conditions in dialogue with each beneficiary. These conditions should, as required, be set out in the Council Decision approving the assistance measure, including those necessary to allow for the delivery of military items.
When including supply of military equipment and technology, EPF assistance measures should seek to improve the governance and hands-on management of conventional ammunitions and arms by the beneficiary country, in line with international best practices. Specific complementary measures could be implemented either by the EPF, under other EU instruments, by EU Member States and/or by international organisations, or by other partners. They should also contribute to the overall arms control effort by promoting the implementation of related international standards.
In practice, this will include, inter alia:
How will you implement this methodology?
Responding to a beneficiary request for assistance, the Council will apply tailor-made provisions to each beneficiary and kind of assistance.
The beneficiary will be asked to commit accordingly to the requirements established by the Council. In particular, the beneficiary will have to engage to respect relevant international laws and standards, on the appropriate use and on the non-transfer to another user than the one agreed by the Council.
The beneficiary will also have to agree on the monitoring and control measures as decided by the Council.
After delivery, the EEAS, on behalf of the High Representative, and as directed by the Council, will ensure monitoring and control. According to the kind of equipment, this may last over the whole life cycle.
As required, specific measures will be implemented to avoid diversion or disappearance.
What happens if the recipient does not respect the conditions?
In case of any breach and infringement of commitments by the beneficiary, in particular in the case of confirmed or suspected violation of the IHR and IHRL by the beneficiary, loss of equipment, evolution of the local political setting, etc., provisions are in place in the EPF Council Decision for the suspension, and potentially the termination of the assistance measure if the beneficiary does not take remedial action as required by the Council. Notably, in urgent cases, the High Representative also has the capacity to provisionally suspend an assistance measure.
After the conclusion of the assistance measure, commitments and conditions will continue to be applicable. Infringements of commitments will lead to appropriate EU reactions as decided by the Council.
Respect for commitments will be subject to monitoring by the EEAS, by EU Delegations. Sources of information on possible infringement to commitments, in particular violation of IHRL and IHL, can include, as appropriate, Member States embassies and agencies, international organisations, other partner countries, international humanitarian organisations and civil society
The EEAS will also ensure regional and country monitoring at both HQ and field level. This monitoring and early awareness from local actors will contribute to preventive diplomatic action when observing possible degradations in the country context and possible increased risk of violation of commitments.
 Such measures might comprise, for instance, political dialogue or specific assistance programmes.