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The EU works to strengthen the international system of non-proliferation by:
Promoting the universality and full implementation of the existing multilateral agreements:
ensuring strict implementation of and compliance with these agreements
Key policy tool:
EU policy on WMD works by giving technical & financial assistance to relevant countries and cooperating closely with key partners:
In 2008 the EU Strategy on WMD was reinforced by the "New lines for action", which seek to better coordinate EU-wide action, such as:
Action through the G7/G8
The EU also acts through the G7/G8
Under the Partnership, the EU has committed almost €1bn, mainly in Russia and Ukraine, to help with dismantling decommissioned nuclear submarines, redirecting former weapons scientists, improving the safety of nuclear installations and decontaminating/converting former chemical weapons production facilities.
The EU policy in this field has 3 main strands:
Key policy tools
The EU participates in the 5-yearly Review Conferences for the NPT.
Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)
The EU has 2 goals:
The EU regularly calls for negotiations in the Conference on Disarmament on a treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.
The EU participates in, or contributes to, initiatives such as:
The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) is the cornerstone of the efforts of the international community to prevent biological agents and toxins from ever being developed and used as weapons by anyone, at any time, whether States or non-State actors.
We support the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention and work to strengthen it by:
This involves participating in the 5-yearly BTWC review process.
The European Union strongly supports the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC). This is a successful international instrument which is close to eliminating an entire category of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The CWC aims at preventing countries producing, acquiring, trading, stockpiling or using these weapons.
By financing and supporting the work of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), which promotes and implements the Convention, aiming at achieving a world free of chemical weapons (CW) and targeting their non-re-emergence, thereby strengthening international security.
The EU has since 2004 contributed 12.5 million EUR to the OPCW's core activities. The EU member countries are the bigger contributors to the OPCW, accounting together for 40% of its annual budget.
Since 2015, the EU is represented to the OPCW by an EU official residing in The Hague.
The EU participates to the annual Conference of the States Parties.
The EU also participates in the 5-yearly review conferences for the Convention:
Since 2013 the EU has contributed €21.6 million to the dismantling of the Syrian chemical weapons arsenal.
Video EU-OPCW Cooperation
The EU supports both multilateral efforts and regional solutions to:
Key policy tools
All EU countries have signed and are implementing the Code. It seeks to increase transparency and promote confidence among subscribing states, in particular through:
This informal, voluntary association of 35 countries seeks to coordinate national export licensing efforts, to prevent the proliferation of missile equipment, material, and related technologies/know-how (in particular to non-state groups).
The MTCR works through its members' adherence to common export policy guidelines.
19 EU countries are members of the MTCR and all EU countries implement the MTCR export control list (through Regulation (EC) 428/2009).