The Venezuelan migratory movement has represented an unprecedented challenge for the region and, in particular, for host countries, testing, in many cases, their health, education, and service provision systems in general, and modifying the social and demographic framework of the countries.
To date, 5.1 million Venezuelans1 have left their country, 80% of whom have moved to the closest countries in the region, making it a regional crisis with global projection, the second largest in the world in terms of the number of displaced persons. Peru is hosting some 865,000 Venezuelans, and is the second largest recipient of migrants from that country and the one that has received the largest number of applications for refugee status from Venezuelan citizens in the world.
The impact of Venezuelan migration in Peru can be seen in all areas. In terms of demographics alone, its presence has meant an increase of around 3 per cent in the total population of Peru, presenting public services with additional challenges not foreseen a few years ago.
Despite the challenges it poses, since the mass exodus of Venezuelan citizens has become more critical, Peru, in applying a safe, orderly and regular migration policy, has shown its traditional solidarity with foreigners and respect for human rights by welcoming migrants, refugees and applicants for refugee status.
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