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An innovative CSDP-action: 'Regionalisation' - EU and African experts jointly planning and implementing intra-Sahelian security cooperation
CSDP-experts are fully aware of the ten civilian CSDP Missions and their efforts, inter alia, to stabilise fragile hotspots. However, little attention has so far been paid to an innovative CSDP tool, which is part of the EU effort to stabilise the five Sahel countries: regionalisation – a new joint civil-military process to support increased security cooperation between the five Sahel countries.
A Regional Coordination Cell (RCC) was launched in July 2017 to produce an in-depth analysis of the security and defence situation in the five Countries of the Sahel. Based on the results of this analysis, a Regional Advisory and Coordinating Cell (RACC) was established in June 2019 with the aim to support the G5 countries and institutions and also to serve as an interlocutor for other international actors in the Sahel.
The RACC has its headquarters in Nouakchott, Mauritania and consists of 22 European experts. These experts are physically embedded in the EU-delegations in Mauritania, Burkina-Faso, Chad, Mali and Niger and are supported by members of the two civilian Missions. It is the first time that civilian and military staff are working under the same umbrella, operationalizing the EU integrated approach. While administratively attached to EUCAP Mali, RACC reports to the Civilian Operations Commander. The yearly budget for the RACC is currently €2.2m.
Through 'regionalisation', the European Union has shown its capacity to pragmatically develop its CSDP instruments - tailoring support to the needs of our partners. As the security situation evolves so does the response of the European Union.