The third Joint Committee under the EU-Indonesia Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) met in Brussels on 11 December 2018.
The European Union and Indonesia have developed relations across a wide spectrum of areas in the space of a few years, as outlined in the EU-Indonesia Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA). In this 3rd Joint Committee, the EU and Indonesia reviewed existing cooperation and considered future initiatives to enhance cooperation across various sectors.
The EU expressed its condolences for the tragic loss of life in the natural disasters in Lombok and Palu and reiterated its solidarity with Indonesia and support in the areas of disaster relief and preparedness.
The EU and Indonesia recalled the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Both welcomed the open and constructive exchange at the annual Human Rights dialogue and the joint organisation of a two-day seminar on "Addressing Hate Speech and Disinformation with a Rights-based Approach", held in October in Jakarta. The EU and Indonesia look forward to the next round of their Human Rights Dialogue, which will take place in Brussels in 2019.
The third annual EU-Indonesia Security Dialogue held in Jakarta on 29 November confirmed the growing bilateral engagement and cooperation on security-related issues, reflected by a comprehensive agenda including inter alia Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), maritime security, counter terrorism, organised crime, drug policy, disaster management, Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear threats, and consular protection.
The EU and Indonesia acknowledged the progress in negotiations on the EU-Indonesia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) which aims to unlock the significant potential for investment, growth and sustainable development between both economies. The seventh round of negotiations will take place on 11-15 March 2019 in Brussels.
Regarding Palm Oil, the EU explained its work on the Delegated Act under the Renewable Energy Directive II. Indonesia underlined the importance of the Palm Oil sector to its economy, and its policy in ensuring Palm Oil’s sustainability. Indonesia also expressed its concerns about the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) II and its Delegated Act, especially on the use low of Indirect Land-Use Change (ILUC) risk criteria as a basis for the development of new certification for conventional biofuel. Both sides agreed to continue its cooperation on this important and sensitive issue.
Both sides expressed satisfaction with the enhanced engagement and cooperation on circular economy and maritime affairs, as illustrated by the second Maritime Affairs Dialogue held in Brussels in September and the close collaboration in the run-up to and during the Our Ocean Conference in Bali, including the Circular Economy mission of European Commissioner for Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Carmenu Vella in Jakarta.
Indonesia welcomed the European Commission's decision of June 2018 to remove all air carriers certified in Indonesia from the EU Safety List, following the improvements to the aviation safety situation that was ascertained in the country in relation to the safety oversight system and implementation of international aviation safety standards.
Both sides appreciated the quality of current ongoing development cooperation in the areas of good governance, public finance management reform, climate change and trade-related assistance. A pipeline of blended finance projects has been created with EU Member States Development Banks to support key reforms and the SDG Indonesia One Platform. Both sides welcomed the Memorandum of Understanding between the European Investment Bank and the Government of Indonesia, which sets the frame for financing on key investment in green infrastructure sectors.
As regards the environment and climate change, the EU and Indonesia see the pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals and actions to mitigate climate change as important objectives. During the 2nd Working Group on Environment and Climate Change held in March in Brussels, the EU and Indonesia discussed in particular low-emission policies and measures, long-term climate strategy, sustainable finance, adaptation strategies, biodiversity and wildlife, forestry, circular economy and cooperation in the G20 on topics of common interest. In particular, both parties took note of most recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report on 1.5° C, and of the urgent need to increase cooperation, ambition and implementation of climate action.
The Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT)-Voluntary Partnership Agreement between the EU and Indonesia, which entered into force two years ago, is a successful scheme in the global fight to eliminate illegal logging and the trade in illegal timber products.
The meeting was jointly opened and co-chaired by Mr Gunnar Wiegand, Managing Director for Asia and the Pacific in the European External Action Service, and Mr Muhammad Anshor, Director-General for American and European Affairs at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia.