European Union External Action

Marrakesh Conference to adopt the Global Compact for Migration

10/12/2018 - 10:36

According to the United Nations 1 out of every 30 people is a migrant. A bit less than half of the world's migrant population are women. Migration is a global phenomenon which requires common solutions – no country can manage it alone.


The European Union participates today and tomorrow at the Intergovernmental Conference in Marrakesh to adopt the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration. At an early stage the EU contributed to the discussions and work on the Compact.

The Compact provides the first international cooperative framework on migration; though it is not legally binding, it aims to foster international cooperation in tackling a challenge that is global.

In its 23 objectives the Compact covers all aspects of international migration, including evidence-based policies, reducing irregular migration, enhancing availability of legal pathways, promoting ethical labour standards, combatting migrant smuggling and trafficking in human beings, and facilitating dignified returns.

On the occasion of the recent Progress Report on the European Agenda on Migration High Representative / Vice-President Federica Mogherini highlighted: "Through partnerships, we are showing that managing migration in a humane way is possible, together."

The successful trilateral cooperation between the African Union, the European Union and the United Nations for example has helped over 39,000 people to return from Libya safely to their homes.

The EU-IOM Joint Initiative has supported over 55,000 migrants to restart their lives. Under the EU Trust Fund for Africa the EU has invested €345 million for migrant protection, return and reintegration.

With EU support, the UN Refugee Agency has evacuated more than 2,400 people in need of international protection for further resettlement to Europe and other states.

Common work under the Joint Valletta Action Plan, adopted by European and African leaders in 2015, has led to more than 1,200 projects for better protection of migrants and migration management. Over 5,3 million vulnerable people benefitted from basic services, food security and nutrition programmes in that regard.

"We will continue to work to improve migration management worldwide, which is already done today on the European side on the basis of the work strands that are developed under the Global Compact", Mogherini stressed.

Main image: UN