European Union External Action

UNGA: EU and Africa work together to manage migration

26/09/2018 - 17:39
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High Representative / Vice-President Federica Mogherini participated in a High-Level Panel on Migration and Structural Transformation in Africa, an event hosted by UNCTAD during the UN General Assembly. The EU continues to work with Africa to respond jointly to the challenges of migration. And the new Africa-Europe Alliance for Sustainable Investment and Jobs is expected to create up to 10 million jobs in the next 5 years alone and support Africa.


What happens in Africa matters in Europe and vice versa. The 'Africa-Europe Alliance for Sustainable Investment and Jobs' is a significant step towards deepening our economic partnership, trade and investment.

By putting the respective strengths of Europe and Africa to work, the Alliance will help fulfil Africa's immense potential to invest in its human capital, the younger generation at the core, bring investment and support structural transformation which Africa wants and needs.  

"We are ready to support African solutions that make Africa stronger, because a stronger Africa makes Europe stronger too", the High Representative / Vice-President said, highlighting "the shift in the approach, bringing our partnership to a partnership of equals, a political partnership of equals".

Giving people opportunities in their countries, putting economic development high on the agenda also addresses the root causes of irregular migration.

Mogherini underlined that "in the public debate migration is too often associated with the word 'crisis', 'problem' or even 'threat". "Migration can be an opportunity for those who leave, for those who stay and for those who welcome". "But it has to be governed. And it cannot be governed if it is not governed by all of us together ", she stressed.  

A number of political channels and instruments are in place for better governance of migration flows, such as the Joint Valletta Action Plan, the Rabat and Khartoum Processes, enhanced cooperation with the African Union, others.

At the Valletta Summit in November 2015 leaders from the European Union and Africa agreed in the Joint Valletta Action Plan on a set of operational deliverables and committed to better manage migration together:



The EU and African partners undertook a review of the implementation of the Joint Valletta Action Plan at their Senior Officials Meeting in Malta in February 2017 and will meet again on 14/15 November 2018 in Addis Ababa.

The EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF) is an important tool and benefits a wide range of African countries that encompass the major migration routes to Europe. With 165 programmes approved, for a total amount of about € 3.16 billion, the initiatives financed under the EUTF focus on economic opportunities as well as fighting poverty, climate change, political instability and violence.

The trilateral cooperation among the European Union, the African Union and the United Nations to address the migrant situation in Libya is another example where joining forces brings results. For High Representative / Vice-President Mogherini it "has created an unprecedented mechanism for cooperation between our continents, a system where we identify our common interests, our common priorities and work together on concrete, practical, sustainable win-win solutions".



Finally, once approved, the UN Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration will lay down the foundation for international cooperation between the European Union and Africa and globally to manage migration which is concerning all of us.