The two sides presented the developments with regard to their respective strategies, policies and legislation, including the EU Joint Communication on “Resilience, Deterrence and Defence: Building Strong Cybersecurity for the EU” and the review of the Japanese Cybersecurity Strategy. They confirmed continued cooperation on strengthening cybersecurity to reinforce trust in the digital economy and society.
The two sides underlined the need for a stable and secure cyberspace to reinforce the opportunities that the digital development offers. They condemned any attempt to abuse Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for malicious intent and reaffirmed their commitment to the settlement of international disputes over the use of ICTs by States by peaceful means. The importance of working together to promote responsible behaviour in cyberspace, to hold actors that undertake malicious activities in cyberspace responsible for their actions and continue to enhance their cooperation to deter and respond to malicious cyber activities was underlined by them. In this respect, the two sides emphasized the importance of the G7 Lucca Declaration on Responsible State Behaviour in Cyberspace as well as “The Principles and Actions on Cyber” endorsed in the G7 Ise-Shima Summit.
The EU and Japan stressed the need for States to respect existing international law and the voluntary, non-binding norms of responsible State behaviour during peacetime. They reaffirmed that States should not knowingly allow their territory to be used for internationally wrongful acts using ICTs. The two sides strongly endorsed the work that has been done by the United Nations (UN) Group of Governmental Experts on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security (UNGGE), including its landmark 2013 and 2015 reports. They also confirmed their commitment to continuing the work to promote responsible State behaviour in cyberspace, including by developing and implementing cyber confidence-building measures. Further, they also reaffirmed that no State should conduct or support ICT-enabled theft of intellectual property, including trade secrets or other confidential business information, with the intent of providing competitive advantages to its companies or commercial sectors.
The two sides underlined the need for international cooperation in order to strengthen global capacities to prevent and mitigate cyber threats and to investigate and prosecute cyber criminals. The importance of the Convention on Cybercrime was noted in this regard as a solid basis for national legislation and international cooperation in fighting cybercrime, and the two sides confirmed their commitment to strengthen global capacities and exchange best practices, including within the Global Forum for Cyber Expertise.
Japan and the EU reaffirmed their strong support for an open and free Internet recognising the importance of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the freedom of expression, and their support for the multi-stakeholder approach to Internet governance which includes the participation and contributions of all stakeholders. In this regard, they emphasized the value of the Internet Governance Forum as the venue for dialogue on Internet-related public policy issues among all stakeholders.
The meeting confirmed and strengthened the partnership between the EU and Japan with regard to cyber issues. Both sides identified synergies of their respective work in this field and expressed their commitment to realizing an open, free, stable and secure cyberspace, including through the ASEAN Regional Forum Inter-Sessional Meeting on Security of and in the Use of Information and Communications Technologies (ARF ISM on ICTs Security) and its Open Ended Study Group on Confidence Building Measures to reduce the risk of conflict stemming from the use of information and communication technologies (Study Group). They confirmed that they would continue to work together to build global resilience, strengthen the criminal law response and to enhance global stability in the cyberspace through international cooperation.
The third formal EU-Japan Cyber Dialogue took place on 5 March 2018 in Tokyo. A number of departments and agencies participated in the meeting, and Member States of the European Union took part in the dialogue as observers. The fourth EU-Japan Cyber Dialogue is to be convened in approximately one year’s time in Brussels.