EU relations with Armenia are based on the EU-Armenia Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (1999), which provides for wide-ranging cooperation in the areas of political dialogue, trade, investment, economy, promotion of democracy and human rights, law-making and culture. In July 2003 the EU appointed a Special Representative for the South Caucasus. This role has been held by Mr Herbert Salber since 8 July 2014.
On 2 January 2015, Armenia joined the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) (with Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan). Despite Armenia's decision in September 2013 not to sign the Association Agreement with the EU, including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (AA/DCFTA), Armenia and the EU continue their political and trade dialogue in areas where this is compatible with Armenia’s participation to the EEU. The EU and Armenia have successfully completed their joint scoping exercise for a future legal agreement compatible with Armenia's new international obligations.
On 12 October 2015 the Foreign Affairs Council authorised the European Commission and the High Representative to open negotiations on a new, legally binding and overarching agreement with Armenia, and adopted the corresponding negotiating mandate. The official launch of negotiations took place on 7 December 2015. Negotiations on the Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement were successfully concluded on 26 February 2017 and will be followed by the necessary procedural steps meant to enable the initialling and signature of the agreement. The new agreement will replace the current EU-Armenia Partnership and Cooperation Agreement.
Based on the ENP Review guidance and the new agreement, consultations with Armenia on a new, more focused, country-specific framework for bilateral cooperation in the form of joint Partnership Priorities, aimed at replacing the ENP Action Plan, have been launched.