European Union External Action

About the EOM mission to Nepal, 2017

12/10/2017 - 11:06
About us - structure and organisation

In response to an invitation from the Election Commission of Nepal (ECN), the European Union has deployed an Election Observation Mission (EU EOM) to observe elections to the House of Representatives and Provincial Assemblies scheduled for 26 November and 7 December 2017.

Our mandate

The mission is led by Chief Observer, Željana Zovko, Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Croatia. The EU EOM will assess the elections according to the national law of Nepal and the regional and international commitments Nepal has made regarding elections. The EU deployed EOMs to Nepal in 2008 and 2013.

The EU EOM does not interfere in any way in the electoral process. It provides a comprehensive and impartial analysis of the entire process in line with established EU methodology. The EU EOM operates in accordance with the Declaration of Principles for International Election Observation, adopted at the United Nations in 2005 by a number of international bodies involved in election observation.

The main objectives of election observation are to:

  • Support the democratic process in partner countries
  • Strengthen respect for human rights and the rule of law
  • Make recommendations to help improve future electoral processes

Consistent methodology 

The EOM to Nepal will apply the EU’s established methodology for observing elections. The mission has a mandate to observe, collect and analyse information concerning the electoral process and to ensure that all findings and conclusions are based on verified, factual information. It does not have a mandate to offer advice, nor any way interfere in the electoral process.

The methodology is based on long-term observation of all aspects of the electoral process, including:

  • the legal framework and its implementation
  • the performance of the election administration
  • the role of state and other institutions
  • voter registration
  • campaign activities
  • the overall environment of the elections, including respect for fundamental freedoms, civil and political rights 
  • access to and conduct of the media
  • the role of civil society
  • the voting, counting and transmission of results
  • the announcement of the results the complaints or appeals process

On the two election days, each team of EU observers will visit a number of different polling stations. To ensure the consistency of election day observation, EU observer teams use standard reporting forms.

Observers across Nepal

A core team of 10 election experts arrived in Kathmandu on 25 October.

In early November, the EU EOM will deploy, in teams of two, 38 long-term observers (LTOs) across Nepal.

Shortly before the first election day on 26 November, the mission will be reinforced by 20 short-term observers (STOs), who will observe voting and the counting of results.  A further 24 short-term observers will arrive to observe the second election day on 7 December.

LTOs and STOs will also be joined by diplomats from EU Member States resident in Nepal, plus those from Norway and Switzerland, as well as a delegation of seven Members of the European Parliament. This will bring the total number of EU observers over the election days more than 100.

Independent assessment 

The EU EOM’s assessment of the electoral process is independent of any EU institution and Member State. Its purpose is to offer a comprehensive and impartial assessment of the electoral process and its compliance with Nepal’s national law and international commitments.

EU observers adhere to a Code of Conduct that obliges them to maintain strict impartiality and neutrality, and to abide by the law of Nepal.

Findings of the mission

A preliminary statement on the findings of the mission will be issued shortly after the second election day. This statement, presented by the Chief Observer at a press conference in Kathmandu, will outline the EU EOM’s initial assessment prior to the completion of the electoral process.

A comprehensive final report, with recommendations for improving future elections, will be published approximately two months later.

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