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President Kumaratunga dissolved the Sri Lankan Parliament on 10 October 2001, exactly one year after the previous election, and announced new elections for 5 December 2001.
The EU EOM was headed by Chief Observer John Cushnahan MEP (IE), a member of the European Parliament (MEP).
The observers were deployed throughout the country. They met government and electoral officials, candidates and political parties, civil society representatives and the media.