Following the withdrawal of Syrian troops in April 2005, Lebanon held parliamentary elections in four rounds, from 29 May to 19 June. It was the first elections in 30 years without a Syrian military or intelligence presence in Lebanon. The mission was headed by Chief Observer José Ignacio Salafranca, member of the European Parliament.
The observers were deployed throughout the country. They met government and electoral officials, candidates and political parties, civil society representatives and the media.