An official website of the European Union. See all European Institutions
The Kingdom of Bahrain is a constitutional monarchy whose legal system is based upon the 2002 amended constitution and headed by King Shaikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa. The country has two legislative bodies: the 40-member Chamber of Deputies elected by universal suffrage and the 40-member royally appointed Shura Council. Political parties are not allowed but political societies were legalised in 2001.
The State of Kuwait is a constitutional emirate headed by the Emir Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmed al-Jabr al-Sabah. The legal system is based on the constitution of 1962, subject to amendments and suspensions by emiri decree. The 50-member National Assembly is directly elected by universal suffrage and has legislative powers. The Council of Ministers makes up the government and is answerable to the emir and the National Assembly. Political parties are not allowed although there are various political groupings in the National Assembly.
The Sultanate of Oman is a monarchy where the chief of State and government is Sultan Qaboos bin Said al-Said who has been in power since July 1970. Legislation is in the form of royal decree issued by the Sultan. The Council of Oman is an advisory council made up of the 84-member Majlis al-Shura (Consulatitve Council) elected by universal suffrage and the Majlis al-Dawla (State Council) which is appointed by the Sultan. Political parties are not allowed.
The State of Qatar is a monarchy ruled by the Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani who has ruled since 2013. The Advisory Council is appointed by the Emir and is only able to issue advice on policies but has no legislative power. The cabinet is appointed by the Emir and political parties are not allowed.