The election was originally scheduled to take place on 22 January 2007. Following the suspension of activities by the EOM and other international observer missions on the grounds that credible elections were unlikely, the president cancelled the elections and declared a state of emergency which curtailed fundamental rights.
After weeks of political crisis, the ban on political party activity was gradually relaxed and the emergency rule restrictions on the freedom of speech and expression were lifted. Alexander Graf Lambsdorff, Member of the European Parliament, was Chief Observer.
The observers were deployed throughout the country. They met government and electoral officials, candidates and political parties, civil society representatives and the media.