The Head of the EU EAT was Alexander Graf Lambsdorff, a German Member of the European Parliament.
The Team consists of 7 core team members and 14 regional experts, from 19 Member States of the European Union, deployed to assess the electoral process and the legal framework against the laws of Libya and the international standards for democratic elections, in accordance with the EU methodology and ‘The Declaration of Principles for International Observers’ adopted under the auspices of the United Nations in October 2005. The Regional Experts were deployed [2 MB] to 11 out of 13 districts of Libya.
The Team has been conducting a comprehensive analysis of the electoral process. This analysis includes the legal and electoral framework, the role and work of the election administration, the respect of civil and political rights, the role of state institutions, campaign activities, the conduct of the media, the role of civil society, gender and human rights issues, the preparation for the election day, voting and counting, the tabulation and announcement of the results as well as the complaints and appeals process.
The EU EAT is independent from the Delegation of the European Union to Libya, the European Commission and the EU Member States.
Following an invitation from the Government of Libya and the High National Election Commission to assess the General National Congress Election of 7 July 2012, the European Union Election Assessment Team (EU EAT) was established in Libya on 8 June 2012.
The purpose of the EU EAT is to demonstrate the European Union's commitment to support democracy around the world. The EU EAT conducts analysis and reporting on the electoral processes, during and after the elections, and provides an impartial and informed assessment of the process.
The EU EAT’s analysis includes the legal and electoral framework, the role and work of the election administration, the civil and political rights, the role of state institutions, campaign activities, the conduct of the media, the role of civil society, gender and human rights issues, the preparation for the election day, voting and counting, the tabulation and announcement of the results as well as the complaints and appeals process.
The Team established contacts and maintains working relations with the main stakeholders of the process, including the High National Election Commission, political parties and other election stakeholders, civil society organisations, media, national and international observers and members of the international community.
The EU EAT’s assessment of the election is based on an established methodology which is applied consistently in all EU election observation, assessment or expert missions around the world. The members of the missions cannot interfere in the electoral process and have no authority to correct any shortcomings. They are bound by a strict code of conduct that guarantees their neutrality and impartiality.
The initial findings of the EU EAT were announced in a Preliminary Statement at a press conference held in Tripoli on 9 July, two days after election day.
Within two months of the conclusion of the process, a Final Report will be presented to authorities and made public, offering the Team’s detailed evaluation of the election and including recommendations towards improvement for future elections.
The media are essential to the conduct of democratic elections. An election is not only about casting a vote in proper conditions. For a voter to be able to make an informed choice, it is necessary to receive adequate information about parties, policies, candidates and the election process itself.
The EU EAT media analysis focuses on the overall assessment of the media sector, including the legal provisions that guarantee freedom of press and speech and equal access to the State media.
The EU EAT conducts limited media monitoring activity, focussing on the prime time broadcasts of State TV stations in their coverage of elections, from the start of the official campaign. Conducting content analysis as well as a qualitative analysis of the State media coverage, the EU EAT assesses their compliance with the legal framework.
Cette liste de documents est proposée au lecteur pour lui permettre de mieux comprendre l'assistance et l'observation internationale des élections.