The European Union Election Observation Mission (EU EOM) was led by Chief Observer Michael Gahler, a Member of the European Parliament since 1999 and Chief Observer of the EU EOMs in Pakistan 2008 and in Tunisia 2011.
The mission was comprised of 11 Core Team members and 52 Long-Term Observers from EU Member States, as well as from Canada, Norway and Switzerland. In addition, a further 46 Short-Term Observers participated on Election Day. Observers were deployed to different parts of the country, security conditions permitting.
The EU EOM operated in accordance with the United Nations’ 2005 ‘Declaration of Principles for International Election Observation’. EU observers adhered to the EU Code of Conduct for Observers that requires them to maintain strict impartiality and neutrality, and to abide by Pakistani law.
Following an invitation from the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP), the European Union Election Observation Mission (EU EOM) was established to observe the General Election of 11 May 2013. The mission was led by Chief Observer Michael Gahler, a member of the European Parliament from Germany since 1999.
A Core Team of eleven analysts from nine different EU Member States arrived in Islamabad on 28 March 2013 to set up and coordinate the mission. A group of 52 Long-Term Observers (LTOs) were deployed to observe the electoral process and report back to the Core Team in Islamabad.
46 Short-Term Observers (STOs) joined the Mission shortly before the election to observe voting, counting and tabulation of the results. The observers represented most EU Member States, plus Norway and Canada. The Mission was joined by a delegation of the European Parliament on Election Day.
The Mission conducted a comprehensive analysis of the electoral process based on long-term observation. This analysis included aspects such as the legal framework, the work of the election administration, the role of state institutions, campaign activities, the conduct of the media, the role of civil society, voting and the counting, the complaints and appeals process and the announcement of results.
The EOM to Pakistan did not interfere in the electoral process and had no authority to change, improve or correct any shortcomings or to request changes during the election process. The EOM’s mandate was only to observe, collect and analyse information concerning the election process and to publish its findings.
A few days after Election Day, Chief Observer Michael Gahler issued a public Preliminary Statement. Approximately two months after the final results, a Comprehensive Report was issued, including a series of recommendations. The assessment of the elections was based on defined European Union criteria for assessing the quality of elections.
The mission also carried out a comprehensive analysis of the electoral process based on long-term observation. This analysis included the legal framework, the work of the election administration, the role of state institutions, campaign activities, the conduct of the media, the role of civil society, voting and counting, the complaints and appeals process and the announcement of the results.
Media monitoring by the EU Election Observation Mission to Pakistan was conducted in accordance with international methodological standards of quantitative and qualitative analysis.
Media monitoring encompassed a representative sample of Pakistani broadcast and print media. The audio-visual media was monitored daily during peak viewing and listening hours throughout the period of the election. The print media was also monitored on a daily basis.
As well as noting the time and space allocated, the media unit also evaluated the tone of media coverage, positive, negative or neutral, towards the different political players, candidates and parties.
The Mission employed a team of local media monitors trained in quantitative analysis, who monitored a representative sample of Pakistani media. The monitoring informed the EU EOM on the performance of the media through regular reports and it also formed part of the overall evaluation of the election process.
A few days after Election Day, the Chief Observer of the EU EOM issues a public Preliminary Statement which summarises the basic findings of the mission. Approximately two months after the final results, a comprehensive Final Report is also issued, which will include a series of recommendations.
This list of documents is provided for the reader's better understanding on International Election Assistance and Observation.