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“The Cold-War era is over. The world today is much more complex, much more fragile than 25 years ago. The number of nuclear states has risen – so that there is not just one “nuclear balance” to take into account, but several and overlapping nuclear balances,” the High Representative said.
“So, the logic of deterrence could easily become outdated – and this would definitely be the case, if a criminal or terrorist group had to acquire a weapon of mass destruction. In a fragile world like ours, a nuclear balance of terror would be incredibly dangerous. And the only way to make our citizens more secure runs through non-proliferation and disarmament. The only way forward is to invest together in a strong system of truly global rules.”
As set out in her Global Strategy for the EU’s Foreign and Security Policy, Mogherini stressed that the EU will continue to be a strong, consistent, reliable, predictable partner, for all those who believe that security comes through non-proliferation. The EU will keep working to preserve, strengthen and expand the current rules. Recent tests by North Korea have underlined how important it is that the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) comes into effect.
The High Representative also reiterated the importance of the nuclear deal with Iran, on which she herself chaired the negotiations. “For five times now, five times, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has certified Iran’s compliance with the deal, and it is constantly monitoring Iran’s nuclear programme.”
“So let me state it very clearly, as I always do: It is an agreement that belongs to the entire international community and that the Europeans are determined to preserve because its full and strict implementation is key to our own security. Multilateral diplomacy has achieved something impossible to achieve by any other means - through unity. There is simply no doubt about it. And this is the path we Europeans want to continue to follow.”
Likewise, Mogherini stressed that a renewed confrontation among world powers will not serve anyone’s interest. The answer to today’s instability and a shifting global balance of power, she said, is more cooperation and stronger global governance, something the EU is working tirelessly to achieve.
“What is at stake is global security. We must have learned something from our tragic history. The world today is a dangerous place – a very dangerous place. It is definitely not the time to play with fire. What is at stake is our own security. That is why you will always find the European Union engaged and committed, for nuclear non-proliferation.”