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The European Union (EU) deployed Election Observation Missions (EOM) to Nigeria in 2003, 2007 and 2011. Further to policy developments in the EU since 2009 in which review of EU EOM recommendations is a significant policy reference, an Election Follow-up Mission (EU EFM) was organised in May-June 2014. The EU EFM was mandated to assess the progress made in electoral reforms following the 2011 General Elections namely on the basis of the implementation of the recommendations offered to the authorities by the EU EOM 2011 and other international and national observer groups. It was also assigned to offer a concrete set of recommendations that could be implemented in the run-up to the February 2015 General Elections. The EU EFM is independent in its conclusions and adheres to the UN Declaration of Principles for International Election Observation.