The European Union enjoys longstanding relations with Yemen, which date back to 1997 when the first official cooperation agreement was signed. This relationship has kept growing ever since. Framework governing the EU – Yemen partnership.
The EU Delegation is as part of the G18 diplomatic group (Permanent 5 of the UNSC, the GCC and the EU Delegation) that are the sponsors and guardians of the GCC initiative signed in November 2011. The GCC initiative initiated a two-year transitional process that was foreseen to end in February 2014 with fair, transparent and competitive elections. Instead, the country entered into a phase of political instability and violence that started a military conflict between the internationally recognized Government of President Hadi, exiled in Riyadh, and the forces of Ansarallah and former president Ali Abdullah Saleh.
Supporting the ongoing negotiations to end the conflict and return to a peaceful transitional process is a key political priority for the EU.
The EU hopes that a new inclusive political agreement brokered by the UN with the support of the International Community will allow Yemenis themselves to re-build their state on civil and democratic along principles accepted by all. The main goal of this process is to respond to the legitimate demands of the Yemenis, who want the establishment of a democratic, modern and civil state that respects and protects the rights of its citizens.
Since September 2016, Antonia Calvo has been the EU Head of Delegation to the Republic of Yemen. She represents the EU in areas such as political, trade, and development cooperation. Consular protection of EU citizens is provided by individual EU Member States' Embassies and their Consulates. The seven EU Member States represented in Sana’a are: Bulgaria, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and the United Kingdom.
Since February 2015 all EU member States have evacuated their diplomatic missions in Sana’a. The EU Delegation has been operating from Headquarters in Brussels.
The EU Delegation has been supporting the mediation efforts of the UN secretary General Special Envoy and has called on all parties to engage in negotiations without preconditions, in order to achieve an inclusive political agreement that puts an end to the conflict.