Relations between the European Union (EU) and Nicaragua, as with other Central American countries, have evolved significantly since they started in the mid-1980s.
The EU has committed itself to Nicaragua, by working to consolidate a sustainable development model based on peace, democracy, consolidation of the rule of law and deeper regional integration at the political level.
Initially, the EU played a key role in strengthening peace processes in Central America, by promoting the inclusive spaces required to reach an early settlement of conflicts in the region at an international level. This initiative, a part of what is known as the ‘San José Dialogue’, provided the structure for a prominent political dimension in relations between the Isthmus and Europe, which remains in place today.
The next stage in the development of political relations between Nicaragua and the EU began in the 1990s and can be characterised by the boom of Development Cooperation. Over the last few decades, EU cooperation with Central America, and with Nicaragua in particular, has intensified qualitatively and has evolved in the search for more effective tools for sustainable development.
It should be emphasized that relations between the EU and Nicaragua have increasingly been developed within a Central American regional integration approach. In fact, Nicaragua has been a party to important agreements between the EU and Central American countries: the Central America Cooperation Framework Agreement (1985), the Second Cooperation Framework Agreement (1993), the Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement (2003) and the Association Agreement between EU and Central America (2012).
Accordingly, Nicaragua's political relations with the EU are embedded in a deep-rooted, stable system which seeks to establish common and efficient priorities in cooperation matters and to promote collective action at an international level.