The European Union’s (EU’s) relations with Rwanda focus mainly on development cooperation in areas of rural development, energy and governance but also include an increasing emphasis on trade and investment as well as a regular political dialogue covering issues of home affairs, human rights and regional cooperation.
Political relations between the European Union and Rwanda have been developing steadily since the independence of Rwanda in 1962, establishment of the presence of the European Union in Rwanda in the mid-1980s and formalisation of the relations in 1991 with the signature of an "accord de siege" with the Rwandan Government.
While initially the focus has been primarily on development cooperation, the signature of the ACP - EU Partnership Cotonou Agreement in 2000, created space for broadening of bilateral relations also to political, economic and trade areas through the establishment of a platform for regular political dialogue as well as other types of formal and informal consultations.
Political relations between the EU and Rwanda are part of a broader EU – Africa partnership anchored in the Joint Africa-Europe Strategy which was adopted by Heads of State and Government at the second EU-Africa Summit in 2007. The current Roadmap 201-2017 sets out concrete targets within 5 priority areas of cooperation between the EU and Africa agreed at the 4th EU-Africa Summit in 2014.