Negotiations for the Agreement were launched in April 2014 and concluded on 11 March 2016, with the initialling of the text. The Council on 6 December decided to sign the Agreement, with the signing ceremony foreseen for 12 December 2016. The Agreement will be provisionally applied after internal legal procedures are completed. In parallel, the agreement will be submitted to the European Parliament, EU Member States national parliaments and the Cuban National Assembly for ratification.
The PDCA creates an enabling framework for enhanced political dialogue, for improved bilateral cooperation as well as for developing joint action in multilateral fora. It defines general principles and objectives for the relationship between the EU and Cuba. It includes three main chapters on:
- Political dialogue, addressing issues, such as human rights, small arms and disarmament, migration, drugs, fight against terrorism, sustainable development, among other issues
- Cooperation and sector policy dialogue, including inter alia areas such as human rights, governance, civil society, social and economic development, environment as well as regional cooperation
- Trade and trade cooperation, dealing with principles of international trade and covers cooperation on customs, trade facilitation, technical norms and standards, sustainable trade and investment.
The PDCA will further contribute to enhancing EU-Cuba relations, supporting Cuba's economic and social modernisation, fostering sustainable development, promoting democracy and human rights, and finding common solutions to global challenges. It reflects the expansion and strengthening of EU-Cuba relations, building on the important progress made since the relaunch of political dialogue and cooperation in 2008. It offers a framework for promoting European values and interests and accompanying the ongoing process of change in Cuba.