Colombia is one of the countries that has had a particularly close historical connection with the European Union, thanks to political, trade and cooperation dialogue covering bilateral, regional and multilateral issues.
Political relations between the European Union and Colombia are strong, stable and dynamic. The historic ties that unite them have permitted constant multilateral to bilateral dialogue, with the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States – EU/CELAC (previously with the Rio Group) under the framework cooperation agreement between the European Union and the Andean community and at the bilateral European Union-Colombia level.
The framework for political dialogue between the European Union and Colombia is the 1996 Rome Declaration and the 2009 Memorandum of Understanding, along with the Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement between the EU and the Andean Community. This political relationship is complemented by a bilateral dialogue on human rights initiated in 2009 and the Trade Agreement that entered into force in 2013.
In recent years, European support for the peace process in Colombia has shaped the European Union-Colombia relationship, as the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, pointed out during her visit to Colombia in May 2016. This support has found expression in the appointment of an EU Special Envoy for the Peace Process, Eamon Gilmore, as well as the launching of a trust fund for peace in Colombia, among other cooperation projects for peace.