This page gives an outline of the relations between the European Union (EU) and China.
The EU's China policy is defined by the 'Elements for a new EU Strategy on China' which, together with the 'Council Conclusions EU Strategy on China', form the EU Strategy on China. The Strategy reflects the fundamental premises of the EU's engagement: the promotion of democracy, the rule of law, human rights, and respect for the UN Charter's principles and international law, with the search for reciprocal benefits in political and economic relations '.
The 'EU-China 2020 Strategic Agenda for Cooperation', jointly signed by the EU and China in 2013, covers the areas of: peace and security, prosperity, sustainable development, and people-to-people exchanges. Bilateral relations are conducted at the highest level through the annual EU-China Summit.
The EU Strategy on China states that that the EU's engagement with China will be principled, practical and pragmatic, staying true to its interests and values. The EU's approach is based on a positive agenda of partnership coupled with the constructive management of differences. The strategy directs the EU to find practical ways to engage China in its reform process so as to achieve mutual benefits in political, economic, trade and investment, social, environmental, and other relations. Reciprocity, a level playing field and fair competition across all areas of cooperation should be strengthened, especially as the EU and China work towards the completion of a Comprehensive Agreement on Investment, in order to create new market opportunities. In addition, infrastructure, trading, digital, and people-to-people connectivity between Europe and China should be improved so as to deliver benefits for all countries involved. In line with the EU and China's UN and G20 responsibilities, the EU and China should promote global public goods, sustainable development, and international security, and advance respect for the rule of law and human rights within China and internationally. The EU will seek to maximise its internal cohesion and effectiveness in its dealings with China.