Relations between Madagascar and the European Union (EU) take place within the framework of the Cotonou Agreement, which establishes a full partnership based on political cooperation, economic and trade cooperation, and development cooperation.
The return to constitutional rule in May 2014 allowed the full re-establishment of relations between the EU and Madagascan state institutions, ending the period of political transition.
The first political dialogue between the European Union and Madagascar since the crisis ended took place in February 2015. The discussion focused on:
- the political, economic and social situation in Madagascar and in Europe;
- the consolidation of the rule of law and human rights;
- organised crime;
- creating a favourable context for growth, including investment security;
- development co-operation, including the preparation of the 11th European Development Fund (EDF);
- Madagascar's return to the regional and international stage, energy, infrastructures and environment, including the fight against trafficking of natural resources.
At the end of the meeting, three priority areas for work were identified:
- implementing Madagascar's National Development Plan and the programming of the 11th EDF, which will establish the major axes for future cooperation;
- creating the conditions for economic growth and inclusive sustainable development in the country, including investment security and legal security;
- Strengthening good public governance, human rights and the rule of law, areas which have a major effect on other sectors;
The Cotonou Agreement also provides for the participation of civil society in political dialogue.