Over the decades and successive partnership agreements, the collaboration between Mali and the EU has been covering aspects such as political dialogue, security and trade.
In the face of a political and security situation that has been unstable for several years, the European Union (the EU) is supporting the Government with a view to a recovery strategy and is guiding Mali on the path to sustainable development.
The EU’s current cooperation strategies with Mali as regards the European Development Fund (EDF) are mainly focused on political and economic governance, strengthening institutional capacities and regional integration.
In the political domain, the collaboration encompasses:
- Political support for the peace and reconciliation talks in Mali and for modernisation of the State;
- Consideration of the regional dynamics affecting Mali, notably with regard to security issues.
The EU became significantly involved in Malian politics in 2013, notably through its participation at the signing of the Ouagadougou Agreements (18 June 2013) which made a cease-fire possible in the north of the country, and enabled the organisation of general elections. Within this context, the EU deployed a Monitoring Mission for the presidential elections of 2013, support for the electoral process financed to the amount of EUR 17 million. Together with France, it co-organised the Donors’ Conference of 15 May 2013 which made it possible to mobilise EUR 3.25 billion, including 523 million promised to Mali by the EU. The European Union is supporting the implementation of the Mali Peace Agreement signed in 2015 and is a member of the international mediation process within the framework of the follow-up to the Agreement.
The EU’s commitment in the realm of security in Mali dates from the adoption of the strategy for Security and Development in the Sahel (2011).
This commitment centres around several interventions:
- The EUTM Mali Mission (European Training Mission). Established in February 2013, this mission’s mandate is carried out within the framework of the common security and defence policy (CSDP). The Council has decided to extend this for a third mandate until May 2018;
- Since January 2015, a similar mission (EUCAP Mali [European Union CSDP mission in Mali]) has been operating in aid of the police, the gendarmerie and the national guard. The European Sahel Counter-Terrorism programme (Sahel CT – 2011-2014) financed by the EU through its Instrument Contributing to Stability and Peace (ICSP) has made it possible to organise some 42 training courses for internal security. The EU’s commitment in this domain is continuing with the EUCAP Sahel Mali Mission [European Union CSDP mission in Mali] and through other instruments and programmes which must be defined in consultation with the Malian authorities.