Particular attention was given to the implementation of the integrated approach, the role of Security Sector Reform (SSR) as a stabilising contributor to peace, and the concept of protecting civilians and human rights. Furthermore, the role of Formed Police Units was highlighted as an appropriate tool for policing stability for future operations.
After reviewing the evolution of UN peacekeeping in the traditional sense, the course focussed on EU crisis management operations/missions and NATO operations in comparison to mandate, scope, size and duration. An analysis of success factors and weaknesses of different models completed the lessons-learnt session through the sharing of personal experiences by former Commanders and Heads of Missions.
The course was followed by a workshop on "The preservation of cultural heritage for international peace and security", a topic of particular interest to EU High Representative Federica Mogherini as reflected in a speech she held at the UN General Assembly (New York) on 21 September 2017 on the necessity to protect cultural heritage in the fight against terrorism. On this occasion, HR/VP Mogherini presented three lines of action within the scope of three main priorities:
High-ranking professors of the universities of Milan, Rome, Siena, Turin and Venice, as well as international experts, presented the various dimensions of the quest to preserve cultural heritage.