European Union Election Observation Mission
Paraguay 2018

About the EU Election Observation Mission to Paraguay 2018

05/03/2018 - 17:34
About us - structure and organisation

Following an invitation from the Paraguayan authorities, the European Union (EU) deployed an Election Observation Mission (EOM) to observe the general elections scheduled for 22 April 2018. The mission is led by Chief Observer Renate Weber, Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Romania. The EU EOM comprises 90 observers including a delegation of members of the European Parliament.

The EU EOM is independent from other EU institutions and EU observers are bound by a Code of Conduct which adheres to international principles in election observation. The European Union has previously deployed an EOM to Paraguay in 2013 and an Election Follow-Up Mission in 2015.


Our mandate

The EU EOM will assess the 2018 general elections according to Paraguayan national laws and international commitments related to the conduct of democratic elections agreed by Paraguay.

The EU EOM does not interfere in any way in the electoral process. It provides an informed, comprehensive and impartial analysis of the entire electoral process in line with established EU methodology.

The EU EOM operates in accordance with the Declaration of Principles for International Election Observation, adopted at the United Nations in 2005 by a number of international bodies involved in election observation.


Consistent methodology

The EU EOM applies an established methodology for observing elections. EU EOMs do not offer advice and assistance or in any way interfere in the electoral process. The EU EOM does not legitimise the electoral process nor validate the election results. It has a mandate to observe, collect and analyze information concerning the election process and to ensure that all findings and conclusions are based on carefully verified factual information.

On election day, each team of EU observers visits a number of different polling stations. To ensure the consistency of election day observation, EU observer teams use standard reporting forms.

The main objectives of election observation are to:

  • Make recommendations to help improve future electoral processes;
  • Support the democratic process in partner countries;
  • Strengthen respect for human rights and the rule of law.
  • The methodology is based on long-term observation, through which the EU EOM’s experts analyse all aspects of the electoral process, including:​
    • the legal framework and its implementation;
    • the political context;
    • the performance of the election administration;
    • the role of state and other institutions;
    • voter registration;
    • campaign activities;
    • the overall environment of the elections, including respect for fundamental freedoms, civil and political rights;
    • access to and conduct of the media;
    • the role of civil society;
    • the voting, counting and transmission of results;
    • the complaints or appeals process;
    • the announcement of the results.


Observers throughout Paraguay

A core team of election experts and specialists arrived to Asunción on 13 March  to follow and analyse the election process. A group of 24 long-term observers (LTOs) were deployed to all departments of Paraguay on 23 March. Shortly before election day, the mission will be reinforced by 34 short-term observers (STOs) to observe election day activities and the post-election day. 

LTOs and STOs will also be joined by diplomats from EU Member States resident in Paraguay, as well as a delegation of Members of the European Parliament.


Independent assessment

The EU EOM’s assessment of the electoral process is independent of any EU institution and member state. Its purpose is to offer a comprehensive and impartial assessment of the electoral process and its compliance with Paraguay's national law and international commitments.

EU observers adhere to a Code of Conduct, which obliges them to maintain strict impartiality and neutrality, and to abide by Paraguayan law.


Findings of the mission

A preliminary statement on the findings of the mission is issued shortly after election day. This statement, presented by the Chief Observer at a press conference in Asunción, outlines the EU EOM’s initial assessment prior to the completion of the electoral process.

A comprehensive final report, with recommendations for improving future elections, will be presented at a later stage.



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