European Union Election Observation Mission
Kosovo 2019

About the EOM mission to Kosovo, 2019

12/09/2019 - 08:56
About us - structure and organisation

Following an invitation from the President of Kosovo, the European Union (EU) has deployed an Election Observation Mission (EU EOM) to observe the early Legislative Elections, scheduled for 6 October, 2019.

Our mandate

Following an invitation from the President of Kosovo, the European Union (EU) has deployed an Election Observation Mission (EU EOM) to observe the early Legislative Elections, scheduled for 6 October 2019. The EU previously deployed missions to Kosovo to observe the 2014 and 2017 early legislative elections and the 2013 and 2017 municipal elections.

The EU EOM and the EU Office/EU Special Representative in Kosovo operate independently under their specific mandates. The Mission's mandate is to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the electoral process and to assess compliance of those elections with domestic legislation as well as international standards for democratic elections.


Comprehensive methodology

The EU EOM applies a well-established methodology for observing elections. The methodology is based on long-term observation, through which the EU EOM focuses on all aspects and stages of the electoral process, including:

  • the legal framework and its implementation
  • political entities and candidate registration
  • the performance of the election administration
  • the role of state institutions
  • voter registration
  • campaign activities and campaign finance
  • the overall environment of the elections, including respect for fundamental freedoms, civil and political rights
  • the participation of women
  • the participation of vulnerable groups
  • the participation of non-majority communities
  • the role of the media, including online information sources and social media
  • the role of civil society
  • the voting, counting and tabulation
  • the complaints and appeals process
  • the announcement of the results

On Election Day, the EU EOM will observe opening of polling stations across Kosovo, voting and counting as well as the tabulation of results. 

In the course of its observation, the EU EOM will meet with representatives of election management bodies, of relevant state and local authorities and of political parties, as well as with representatives of civil society, the media and the international community.

The EU EOM operates in accordance with the “Declaration of Principles for International Election Observation” adopted at the United Nations in 2005 by a number of international bodies involved in election observation.

At all times the observers are bound by a code of conduct for EU Election Observers that ensures their neutrality and impartiality.


Observers deployed throughout Kosovo

The EU EOM was deployed to Kosovo on 7 September. A core team of nine analysts is based in Pristina. The core team’s analysis encompasses political, electoral, media and legal issues related to the electoral process.

A group of 18 long-term observers (LTOs) will arrive in Pristina on 13 September and will be deployed in multinational teams of two across Kosovo. Close to election day, the EU EOM will deploy a further 36 short-term observers (STOs) to monitor proceedings on election day and the tabulation of the results.

For election day, the EU EOM will also be joined by a delegation from the European Parliament and locally recruited short term observers (LSTOs) from EU Member States’ diplomatic representations.

In total the mission will comprise around 100 observers drawn from EU member states, as well as Norway and Switzerland.


Findings of the mission

A preliminary statement will be presented at a press conference within 48 hours after election day. This statement will outline the EU EOM's initial findings and conclusions and the extent to which the Mission considers the election has so far been conducted in line with Kosovo law as well as regional and international standards for democratic elections.

A comprehensive final report, including recommendations for future elections, will be presented to the Kosovo authorities and other electoral stakeholders, approximately two to three months after the election, and once the election process has been fully completed. The final report will also contain recommendations for future elections. As with the preliminary statement, the final report is a public document. Both documents will be posted on this website.


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