Following an invitation from the President of Kosovo, the European Union (EU) has deployed an Election Observation Mission (EU EOM) to observe the Municipal Elections, scheduled for 22 October, 2017. The EU EOM is led by Alojz Peterle, a member of the European Parliament from Slovenia and will comprise around 100 observers from different EU Member States as well as Norway and Switzerland. The EU previously deployed missions to Kosovo to observe the 2017 and the 2014 early legislative elections and the 2013 municipal elections.
The EU EOM and the EU Office/EU Special Representative in Kosovo operate independently under their specific mandates. The Mission's mandate is to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the electoral process and to assess compliance of those elections with domestic legislation as well as European commitments and international standards for democratic elections agreed by Kosovo.
The EU EOM applies a well-established methodology for observing elections. The methodology is based on long-term observation, through which the EU EOM focuses on all aspects and stages of the electoral process, including:
On Election Day, the EU EOM will observe the opening of polling stations across Kosovo, voting and counting as well as the tabulation of results.
In the course of its observation, the EU EOM will meet with representatives of election management bodies, of relevant central and local authorities and of political parties, as well as with representatives of civil society, the media and the international community.
The EU EOM operates in accordance with the “Declaration of Principles for International Election Observation” adopted at the United Nations in 2005 by a number of international bodies involved in election observation.
At all times the observers are bound by a code of conduct for EU Election Observers that warrants their neutrality and impartiality.
Observers deployed throughout Kosovo
The EU EOM was deployed to Kosovo on 12 September 2017. A core team of eight analysts is based in Pristina. The core team’s analysis encompasses political, electoral, media and legal issues related to the electoral process.
A group of 20 long-term observers (LTOs) will arrive in Pristina on 19 October and will be deployed in multinational teams of two across Kosovo. Close to Election Day, the EU EOM will deploy a further 42 short-term observers (STOs) to monitor proceedings on Election Day and the tabulation of the results.
For Election Day, the EU EOM will also be joined by locally recruited short-term observers (LSTOs) from EU Member States’ diplomatic representations.
In total the mission will comprise around 100 observers drawn from EU member states, as well as Norway and Switzerland.
Findings of the mission
A preliminary statement will be presented at a press conference in Pristina within 48 hours of Election Day. This statement will outline the EU EOM's initial findings and conclusions and the extent to which the Mission considers the election has thus far been conducted in line with Kosovo law as well as regional and international standards for democratic elections.
A comprehensive final report, including recommendations for future elections, will be presented to the Kosovo authorities and other electoral stakeholders, approximately two to three months after the election, and once the election process has been fully completed. The final report will also contain recommendations for future elections. As with the preliminary statement, the final report is a public document. Both documents will be posted on this website.
In 2017 the EU deployed 2 separate Election Observation Missions to Kosovo: