European Union Election Observation Mission
Ghana, 2016

About the EOM to Ghana

Our mandate

On the invitation of the Ghanaian authorities, the European Union has deployed an Election Observation Mission (EU EOM) to Ghana to observe the Presidential and Parliamentary elections scheduled for 7 December 2016.

The mission is led by Chief Observer Tamás MESZERICS, a Hungarian Member of the European Parliament (MEP). The EU EOM will assess whether the elections are in keeping with Ghana's international, regional and national constitutional commitments and obligations, and whether the legal framework conforms with regional and universal standards for elections.

The EU EOM does not interfere in any way in the electoral process. It provides an informed, comprehensive and impartial analysis of the entire electoral process in line with established EU methodology.

The EU deployed a full Observation Mission to Ghana in 2008 and an Expert Team for the 2012 elections.

 

Consistent methodology 

The EU EOM conducts its analysis of the electoral process based on a methodology that has been used since 2000 in over 70 elections in Africa, and in many more around the world. The main objectives of election observation are to:

  • strengthen respect for fundamental freedoms and civil and political rights
  • further enhance public confidence in the electoral and democratic processes, including deterring possible fraud
  • contribute, where relevant, towards the prevention or resolution of conflicts

 

The methodology is based on long-term observation, through which the EU EOM’s experts analyse all aspects of the electoral process, including:

  • the legal framework and its implementation
  • the political context
  • the performance of the election administration
  • the role of state institutions and other institutions
  • voter registration
  • campaign activities
  • the overall environment of the elections, including respect for fundamental freedoms, civil and political rights 
  • access to and conduct of the media
  • the role of civil society
  • the voting, counting and transmission of results
  • the complaints or appeals process
  • the announcement of the results

 

The assessment of the EU EOM is undertaken through, direct observation of electoral events by EU observers, analysis of information obtained from relevant documents and meetings with a broad range of national and regional stakeholders.

 

Observers throughout Ghana

A core team of election experts and specialists was deployed to Accra on 26 October, to follow and analyse the election process.

Later, in order to observe the electoral process in the whole country, the EU EOM deployed 24 long-term observers (LTOs) to the ten regions of Ghana. The observers, in teams of two, arrive one month before Election Day in their areas of responsibility, where they prepare assessments of all aspects of the election process. The teams are doubled in Greater Accra and Ashanti Regions.

Shortly before Election Day, the LTO teams are reinforced by 32 short-term observers (STOs), who join them in all regions to observe Election Day activities at the polling stations.

LTOs and STOs will also be joined by diplomats from EU Member States resident in Ghana, as well as a delegation of six Members of the European Parliament, bringing the total number of EU EOM observers to well over 80.

 

Independent assessment 

The EU EOM’s assessment of the electoral process is independent of any EU institution and member state. Its purpose is to offer a comprehensive and impartial assessment of the electoral process and its compliance with Ghana's national law, and with international and regional standards concerning elections.

On Election Day, each team of EU observers visits a number of different polling stations. This list of polling stations to be visited attempts to include a proportional ratio of urban to rural population and takes into account the presence of minority groups. To ensure the consistency of Election Day observation, EU observer teams use standard reporting forms.

The EU EOM operates in accordance with the “Declaration of Principles for International Election Observation”, adopted at the United Nations in 2005 by a number of international bodies involved in election observation.

EU Observers adhere to a Code of Conduct which obliges them to maintain strict impartiality and neutrality, and to abide by Ghanaian law.

 

Findings of the mission

Preliminary Statement on the findings of the mission is issued shortly after the elections. This statement, presented by the Chief Observer at a press conference in Accra two days after Election Day, outlines the EU EOM’s initial assessment prior to the completion of the electoral process.

A comprehensive Final Report, with recommendations for improvements for future elections, will be published some two months later.

 

Our mandate

On the invitation of the Ghanaian authorities, the European Union has deployed an Election Observation Mission (EU EOM) to Ghana to observe the Presidential and Parliamentary elections scheduled for 7 December 2016.

The mission is led by Chief Observer Tamás MESZERICS, a Hungarian Member of the European Parliament (MEP). The EU EOM will assess whether the elections are in keeping with Ghana's international, regional and national constitutional commitments and obligations, and whether the legal framework conforms with regional and universal standards for elections.

The EU EOM does not interfere in any way in the electoral process. It provides an informed, comprehensive and impartial analysis of the entire electoral process in line with established EU methodology.

The EU deployed a full Observation Mission to Ghana in 2008 and an Expert Team for the 2012 elections.

 

Consistent methodology 

The EU EOM conducts its analysis of the electoral process based on a methodology that has been used since 2000 in over 70 elections in Africa, and in many more around the world. The main objectives of election observation are to:

  • strengthen respect for fundamental freedoms and civil and political rights
  • further enhance public confidence in the electoral and democratic processes, including deterring possible fraud
  • contribute, where relevant, towards the prevention or resolution of conflicts

 

The methodology is based on long-term observation, through which the EU EOM’s experts analyse all aspects of the electoral process, including:

  • the legal framework and its implementation
  • the political context
  • the performance of the election administration
  • the role of state institutions and other institutions
  • voter registration
  • campaign activities
  • the overall environment of the elections, including respect for fundamental freedoms, civil and political rights 
  • access to and conduct of the media
  • the role of civil society
  • the voting, counting and transmission of results
  • the complaints or appeals process
  • the announcement of the results

 

The assessment of the EU EOM is undertaken through, direct observation of electoral events by EU observers, analysis of information obtained from relevant documents and meetings with a broad range of national and regional stakeholders.

 

Observers throughout Ghana

A core team of election experts and specialists was deployed to Accra on 26 October, to follow and analyse the election process.

Later, in order to observe the electoral process in the whole country, the EU EOM deployed 24 long-term observers (LTOs) to the ten regions of Ghana. The observers, in teams of two, arrive one month before Election Day in their areas of responsibility, where they prepare assessments of all aspects of the election process. The teams are doubled in Greater Accra and Ashanti Regions.

Shortly before Election Day, the LTO teams are reinforced by 32 short-term observers (STOs), who join them in all regions to observe Election Day activities at the polling stations.

LTOs and STOs will also be joined by diplomats from EU Member States resident in Ghana, as well as a delegation of six Members of the European Parliament, bringing the total number of EU EOM observers to well over 80.

 

Independent assessment 

The EU EOM’s assessment of the electoral process is independent of any EU institution and member state. Its purpose is to offer a comprehensive and impartial assessment of the electoral process and its compliance with Ghana's national law, and with international and regional standards concerning elections.

On Election Day, each team of EU observers visits a number of different polling stations. This list of polling stations to be visited attempts to include a proportional ratio of urban to rural population and takes into account the presence of minority groups. To ensure the consistency of Election Day observation, EU observer teams use standard reporting forms.

The EU EOM operates in accordance with the “Declaration of Principles for International Election Observation”, adopted at the United Nations in 2005 by a number of international bodies involved in election observation.

EU Observers adhere to a Code of Conduct which obliges them to maintain strict impartiality and neutrality, and to abide by Ghanaian law.

 

Findings of the mission

Preliminary Statement on the findings of the mission is issued shortly after the elections. This statement, presented by the Chief Observer at a press conference in Accra two days after Election Day, outlines the EU EOM’s initial assessment prior to the completion of the electoral process.

A comprehensive Final Report, with recommendations for improvements for future elections, will be published some two months later.

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