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Interview on Strategic Compass

12/11/2021 - 09:57
Interviews

12/11/2021 - High Representative/Vice-President Josep Borrell gave a group interview on the Strategic Compass, which will be discussed by EU foreign affairs and defence ministers next week.

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The compass is designed to answer three questions: Which challenges and threats does the EU face? How can the EU better pool its assets and manage them effectively? And what is the best way to project Europe’s influence as both a regional and global actor? In the interview, HR/VP Borrell discusses these questions and the related proposals presented in the Strategic Compass.

 

Outlets’ coverage group interview

El País (ES)

10/11/2021

El vicepresidente de la Comisión Europea y máximo responsable de la diplomacia comunitaria, Josep Borrell, ha concluido el borrador de la llamada “Brújula Estratégica”, un documento que aspira a forjar en la UE una posición común sobre las amenazas geopolíticas que afronta el club y que plantea, como primer paso, la creación de una fuerza militar de emergencia antes de 2025. “Europa está en peligro y los europeos no siempre son conscientes de ello”, advierte Borrell durante un encuentro celebrado con los principales medios europeos, entre ellos EL PAÍS, en vísperas de la presentación este miércoles de su documento al pleno de la Comisión Europea.

EFE (ES)

10/11/2021

La nueva política de defensa de la Unión Europea deberá contar con más capacidades para responder a nuevos desafíos como la guerra híbrida o cibernética y ser más flexible para poder actuar con más autonomía, según una propuesta presentada este miércoles por el jefe de la diplomacia comunitaria, Josep Borrell.
“El punto de partida de la Brújula Estratégica -como se ha llamado al nuevo plan de seguridad europeo- es reconocer que Europa está en peligro. Afronta nuevas amenazas que no son solo militares o territoriales”, señala Borrell en un preámbulo a la nueva estrategia, que hoy compartió con sus colegas en la reunión semanal de la Comisión Europea antes de presentar el documento completo el próximo lunes a los ministros de Exteriores y Defensa de la Unión.

EFE (via 20 minutos)

10/11/2021

El alto representante de la UE para la Política Exterior alerta en el preámbulo de que la defensa de Europa "requerirá un nuevo e integral concepto de seguridad" y que "las tecnologías emergentes tendrán un impacto profundo en la guerra futura". Borrell recibió en junio de 2020 el encargo de los líderes de la UE de preparar una "guía para la acción" en el ámbito de la defensa y, desde entonces, ha trabajado en el documento estrechamente con los Estados miembros. Para desarrollarlo llevó a cabo junto a los servicios de inteligencia de los Veintisiete una evaluación de las amenazas actuales para la seguridad comunitaria, un documento concluido hace un año y que es clasificado. "Nos muestra que vivimos en un mundo mucho más hostil", alertó Borrell en una conversación con un grupo de medios, entre ellos Efe, en la que avisó de que Europa debe actuar para evitar "encoger" a nivel estratégico. La propuesta de Borrell, que se espera quede aprobada para marzo de 2022, se centra en cuatro ejes: gestión de crisis, resiliencia, capacidades y asociaciones. "La UE quiere ser algo más que un poder blando", recalcó. Una de las principales novedades del proyecto es que los Estados miembros aúnen esfuerzos y creen nuevas capacidades que les permitan movilizar "módulos interoperables" y cierto número de tropas con rapidez, unos 5.000 efectivos, señaló Borrell. "No es la fuerza lo que determina la misión, sino la misión la que determina la fuerza", recalcó el político español.

Le Soir (BE)

10/11/2021

L’Union européenne va s’équiper d’une « boussole stratégique » : un « guide pour l’action », afin de moins dépendre des Etats-Unis, de l’Otan ou de coalitions ad hoc pour la gestion de crises dans son voisinage et au-delà. L’heure est à la décision, plaide Josep Borrell, le haut représentant de l’UE pour les Affaires étrangères : « l’Europe est en danger ». Et l’UE doit être un « prestataire de sécurité ».

Le Soir (BE)

10/11/2021

In an editorial for Lesoir.be, Philippe Régnier says Europe’s defence plans are not only a matter for politicians, but also for the defence industry, as illustrated by a conference organised Tuesday at Egmont Palace in Brussels by the consultancy firm Business Bridge Europe. Commissioner Breton and Vice-President of the European Investment Bank Kris Peeters were also present. “Our security cannot be outsourced or depend on the goodwill of others," said Commissioner Breton. In his foreword to the Strategic Compass, High Representative/Vice-President Borrell recalls that the EU is not "starting from scratch.”

Euractiv (EU)

10/11/2021

“Europe has to be a security provider because that’s what European citizens want – to be protected by the Union,” Borrell said in Brussels, commenting on the first draft of the EU’s Strategic Compass, a tool meant to guide the implementation of the security and defence dimension of the EU’s Global Strategy.

Reuters (USA)

10/11/2021

The European Union's foreign policy chief warned the bloc on Wednesday that it must agree an ambitious doctrine as the basis for joint military action abroad, including with a deployable crisis force. Josep Borrell told reporters his first draft of the "Strategic Compass" - the closest thing the EU could have to a military doctrine and akin to NATO's "Strategic Concept" that sets out alliance goals - was crucial to security.

Huffington Post/EFE (ES)

10/11/2021

El vicepresidente de la Comisión Europea y máximo responsable de la diplomacia comunitaria, Josep Borrell, ha dado por finalizado el borrador de la conocida como “brújula estratégica”: un texto que pretende forjar una posición común sobre las amenazas geopolíticas que afrontan los veintisiete y que plantea la creación de una fuerza militar de emergencia.

Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (DE)

10/11/2021

For a year and a half, Josep Borrell has been working on a new concept for EU defense policy, with defense and foreign ministers of the member states bending over it again and again. Now the result of the consultations is available. On Wednesday, the EU foreign affairs representative presented his draft to the College of Commissioners, and at the beginning of next week it will be the turn of the ministers. In December, the heads of government will discuss the text, and it should be finalized by March. Until then, the document remains classified - but the F.A.Z. already has a copy. It has also, with some other media, interviewed Borrell about his ideas. The result is, in short, remarkable. The Spaniard says goodbye to the idea that Europe can defend its interests as a soft power, a gentle power without major military capabilities.

Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

ANSA (IT)

10/11/2021

"L'Europa è in pericolo e i cittadini europei non sono sufficientemente consci dei pericoli che affrontiamo, è nostra responsabilità identificare le nuove sfide e minacce e provvedere ad una nostra risposta" per "agire insieme agli altri se possibile, ma anche da soli se necessario". Così l'Alto rappresentante Ue Josep Borrell illustra ad un gruppo di media la bozza sulla 'Bussola strategica', la rotta che l'Ue intende seguire su difesa e sicurezza, che "non deve essere antitetica ma complementare alla Nato". "Abbiamo una "responsabilità strategica, non possiamo aspettare che gli altri risolvano i nostri problemi", ha aggiunto.

 

Le Figaro (FR)

11/11/2021

In an interview with Le Figaro on Monday, High Representative/Vice-President Borrell discusses threats currently faced by Europe, stating that "Europe is in danger and Europeans are not always aware of it.” He argues that threats have changed, mentioning hybrid and cyber warfare. “Claiming that we are just a soft power when so many things are instrumentalised is certainly not sufficient,” he says, adding that “the EU can no longer be content with talking only about human right or trade.” These are the messages that the HRVP hammers home in his "very personal" preface to the Strategic Compass, which he presented it to the college of commissioners on Wednesday. However, there has been no press conference or release of the 30-page document to the media. HRVP Borrell is reserving the premiere for the Member States and the European Foreign and Defence Ministers, whom he will meet on Monday.

 

FAZ (DE)

11/11/2021

"Europe cannot afford to be a bystander in a world that is primarily shaped by others," High Representative/Vice-President Borrell told Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung and other European media outlets, appealing to abandon the EU's self-image of being a soft power. "The increasingly hostile security environment forces us to strengthen our capacity and will to act," reads the draft of the new strategic concept prepared by HR/VR Borrell, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung reports. His Strategic Compass talks about a "crisis of multilateralism", a "return of power politics", a "competition of governmental systems", and provides for enforcing the EU's interests more strongly by military means. To increase the military's ability to act, HR/VP Borrell wants to reform the existing Battle Groups.

Ta Nea (HL)

11/11/2021

In an interview with Ta Nea newspaper, High Representative/Vice-President Borrell notes that it is the EU’s strategic responsibility to proceed to the strengthening of its defence ability, which will include the creation of a European rapid deployment force of up to 5,000 people to address the increasingly difficult and dangerous strategic environment. Europe is in danger, he underlines, adding that it is the EU’s responsibility to locate the challenges, threats, risks and give its own replies. HR/VP Borrell stresses that the Strategic Compass is a “guide for action” and functions complementary to NATO. If the Europeans want to ensure their security and defence, they must do more, he points out.

NRC (NL)

10/11/2021

Nrc.nl interviews European Commission High Representative/Vice President Borrell about the waning power of the EU and what can be done about it. “Our political space is also shrinking: we are no longer the only political system people can choose from,” HR/VP Borrell says. He thinks the EU cannot continue to rely on soft power. He adds that the use of force does not solve all problems, but lack of military power is viewed as a weakness by the rest of the world. HR/VP Borrell does not want a European army and not competition with NATO. Instead, he outlines the perspective of a kind of armed forces modules from which the EU could choose according to its needs. A complicating factor is that Europe lacks a common strategic culture. “We need to be able to act together and for that we need to recognise that the threats affect everyone, not just the Europeans who live close to such a threat,” HR/VP Borrell says. He thinks the EU Strategic Compass that he presented on Wednesday may help in that regard.

Bruxelles 2 (BE)

10/11/2021

Dans un avant-propos à la boussole stratégique, qui lui est plus personnel, le Haut représentant de l'Union pour la politique étrangère et de sécurité commune n'a jamais aussi bien mérité son titre. Il défend une vision ambitieuse d'une politique de défense Européenne. Pourquoi avons-nous besoin d'une boussole stratégique ? Tout simplement car « l'Europe est en danger », lance Josep Borrell. Un propos qu'il décline ensuite sur tous les tons. Le contexte a largement changé ces dernières années. « La distinction classique entre guerre et paix s'est estompée. Le monde regorge de situations hybrides où nous sommes confrontés à des dynamiques intermédiaires de compétition, d'intimidation et de coercition. » Les « outils de la puissance ne sont plus seulement les soldats, les chars et les avions, mais aussi la désinformation, les cyberattaques, l'instrumentalisation des migrants, la privatisation des armées et le contrôle politique des technologies sensibles ou des terres rares. »

Agence Europe (FR)

11/11/2021

Le Haut Représentant de l’UE pour les Affaires étrangères et la Politique de sécurité, Josep Borrell, a présenté au Collège des Commissaires, mercredi 10 novembre, son projet de ‘Boussole stratégique’ (EUROPE B12763A26). Ce document est une « proposition du Haut Représentant, à la suite de nombreuses consultations », a-t-il expliqué lors d'une rencontre avec quelques journalistes, dont EUROPE, lundi 8 novembre. Réalisé à partir d’une analyse des risques et rédigé depuis septembre, il est décrit par M. Borrell comme ‘un guide pour agir’.

DPA/AFP (via DW)

10/11/2021

EU High Representative Josep Borrell is aiming for a European intervention force that will include up to 5,000 soldiers by 2025. It is part of a "strategic compass" that Borrell presented to the ambassadors of the 27 member countries. His draft for a new security policy concept of the European Union provides that the new unit can be decided as early as next year. Depending on requirements, air and naval forces are to participate in addition to ground troops. Among other things, the draft is intended to define what capabilities the EU must have in the future in the field of crisis management. The European Union must be much more than a "soft power" in the future, Borrell stressed.

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