The "Support the fight against human trafficking in the states of the Gulf of Guinea" project, co-funded by the European Union Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF: € 17.4 M) and Expertise France (€ 0.6 M) is present in five other countries in the Gulf of Guinea: Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Côte d’Ivoire, and Guinea. It aims at supporting the authorities and civil society in the fight against human trafficking through the Prevention of vulnerable people, the Protection of victims, and the Prosecution of traffickers (law enforcement). The project will also support a better inter-ministerial coordination, collaboration between organisations, and regional cooperation.
The project will be implemented in close collaboration with the Human Trafficking Secretariat (HTS) established in 2005 by the Human Trafficking Act and based at the MGCSP. Its mission is to prevent and combat trafficking cases in Ghana as well as sensitising the population on human trafficking and creating a peaceful environment to accelerate national development.
With the rise of irregular migration through the Mediterranean route, the number of people affected by human trafficking has also jumped in this part of the world. According to Frontex, the European border and coast guard agency, the number of migrants from West Africa trying to go to Europe has been multiplied by 10 between 2010 and 2016. Unfortunately, according to a recent IOM study, about 80% of the migrants (from all origins) using the Central Mediterranean route (i.e. mainly through Libya) have been victims of a form of human trafficking. Even if Ghanaian migrants are less numerous than citizens of other countries such as Nigeria or Guinea, many of them have been confronted to this phenomena, as well as to other acts of violence (e.g. armed robberies).
Over the last few years Ghana has taken several steps to address this issue across and within its borders. The European Union and Expertise France have chosen to support the initiative of the Government and to strengthen both national and regional mechanisms in the fight against human trafficking.