Foreign policy instruments


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The measures target the financial, energy and defence sectors, and the area of dual-use goods. They were originally introduced on 31 July 2014 for one year in response to Russia's actions destabilising the situation in Ukraine and strengthened in September 2014.

34-year-old taxi driver Omar Musa, was amongst 40,000 Libyans who, together with his family, had to flee from the city of Tawergha after the 2011 revolution in Libya. People were living in dire conditions in camps spread across the country. Seven years later, Omar was finally able to return home. “When I arrived I was not aware of the danger that I faced. However, I found billboards and posters on the walls near the entrance of the city with emergency phone numbers to report any explosive remnants of war. I did not really understand what that meant at the time." Indeed, in such situations, the EU supports projects to raise awareness about unexploded ordnances and mines, and to help clear people’s properties so that they can return safely home.

At the invitation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Senegal, the EU has deployed an Election Observation Mission (EOM) for the presidential election that will take place on 24 February 2019.


À l'invitation du ministère des affaires étrangères du Sénégal, l'UE a déployé une mission d'observation électorale (MOE) dans la perspective des élections présidentielles qui auront lieu le 24 février 2019.


With 60% of the oceans relying outside nations jurisdiction, ensuring good governance at sea and securing the maritime domain becomes a challenge for every international actor. With a revised Action Plan and a Maritime Security Strategy under the umbrella of the Global Strategy, the EU has been working closely with international partners towards a safer maritime environment and a sustainable use of its resources.


Поскольку 60 % территории океанов находятся вне юрисдикции государств, обеспечение надлежащего регулирования на море и защита морских границ становятся серьезной проблемой для каждого субъекта международных отношений. Благодаря пересмотренному Плану действий и Стратегии морской безопасности под эгидой Глобальной стратегии ЕС тесно сотрудничает с международными партнерами в целях обеспечения безопасной морской среды и использования морских ресурсов с учетом экологических требований и норм.


For the past 10 years the EU has successfully deployed a CSDP military naval operation to fight piracy off the coast of Somalia. Today the threat of piracy has been minimised. At the same time the operation was tasked with monitoring fishing activity and reporting any illegal activity. Improved security conditions now allow communities to engage in fishing activities supported by EU and UN missions and initiatives.