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The EU's Monitoring Mission (EUMM) in Georgia was launched on 1 October 2008 in the aftermath of a war that had ravaged the country. To end the war, a Six Point Agreement was concluded between the belligerents. It was now vital to establish a mission accepted and trusted by all to monitor compliance.
EUMM fulfils this crucial and delicate role and has been doing so since 2008. It continues to closely monitor the situation along the Administrative Boundary Lines with the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. During the ten years of its existence, it has conducted more than 65,000 patrols on the ground.
As a trusted and respected actor, EUMM has helped to build confidence among the conflict parties. This has facilitated the resumption of a safe and normal life for the local population living adjacent to the former conflict areas.
EUMM has ensured effective information sharing and moderated tensions between the parties on numerous occasions, including through the handling of some 8,000 calls on its Hotline. This is supplemented through the EUMM’s support of the Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism (IPRM) meetings. These meetings enable participants from both sides of the Administrative Boundary Lines to talk with one another on security issues and other matters that affect the lives of local residents. The IPRM format has proven to be a very efficient tool in managing situations on the ground and also in promoting stability in Georgia.
Over the last ten years more than 1,700 women and men from all 28 EU Member States have served in EUMM. This signals the EU's strong commitment to this Mission and more generally to its role as a security provider in the interest of partner countries and regions. This in turn also benefits the interest of the EU and its citizens.
The European Union has recently extended the mandate of the Mission for a further two years, until December 2020. The EUMM will remain present on the ground 24/7, 365 days a year – ready to monitor, report and de-escalate at any given time. This reinforces the European Union’s commitment, in the light of the continued relevance of the Mission’s mandate.
EUMM Georgia is one of 16 civilian and military European crisis management missions presently deployed by the EU under its Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP).