The Delegation of the European Union to Yemen

REFIT

03/11/2020 - 15:01
Energy

The project aims to support the application and promotion of renewable energy and energy efficient technologies

 

  • Budget: €1,875,000 (80% financed by EU funds)
  • Location: Lebanon
  • Date of project: December 2019 – December 2022
  • Implementing Partner: Istituto per la Cooperazione Universitaria (ICU), Association Arcenciel (AEC), Università degli Studi di Genova (UNIGE), Diane Fondation

Lebanon’s energy supply and consumption is almost entirely dependent on oil products’ imports (99.3%). Moreover, electricity provision is scattered and uneven, with a significant undersupply at a time when demand is continuously rising.

Daily electricity outages led most households and businesses to rely upon private off-grid and highly polluting diesel generators, producing electricity at a higher cost than Electricite du Liban. Despite Lebanon’s favourable environment for the generation and use of renewable energies, they remain largely underexploited. Renewable energy generation only represents 0.85 % in the electricity mix. Moreover, renewable energy mostly comes from hydropower as opposed to wind and solar energy both of which remain underleveraged. 

Lebanon is also facing multiple waste crises and is specifically lacking infrastructure and adequate legal frameworks to deal with e-waste and batteries. This precarious situation has had considerable consequences, with the anarchical disposal of battery waste in informal dumpsites contaminating not only the groundwater and the river water, but also threatening the whole Mediterranean Sea.

The European Union is committed to supporting Lebanon in minimizing the risks associated to weak waste management and the impact of e-waste and batteries on the environment and health of Lebanese citizens.

 

  • Contribute to climate change mitigation and to a circular economy in Lebanon, through low-carbon and energy resource-efficient solutions and processes (e.g. recycling practices)
  • Support the application and promotion of renewable energy and energy efficient technologies that are economically sustainable and innovative for Lebanon – with a special focus on public buildings

 

  • Students, workers, and residents of 26 public buildings (including 22 schools and 4 municipalities)
  • 40 renewable energy technology providers
  • 40 industries generating e-waste (photovoltaic batteries), mainly photovoltaic installers
  • At least 10 small and medium-sized enterprises interested in new activities related to renewable energy installations and second life applications of batteries

 

  • Upgrade of public renewable energy installations (retrofitting) in 26 buildings
  • Set-up of new disposal system for photovoltaic panels and batteries (e-waste)
  • Comprehensive analysis of the current and potential batteries value chain in Lebanon
  • Promotion and dissemination of low-carbon and energy resource-efficient solutions and processes (e.g. recycling practices)
  • Support of existing and new renewable energy and energy efficiency small and medium-sized enterprises (e.g. small and medium-sized enterprises promoting innovative solar energy solutions)

 

  • Upgrade of public buildings renewable energy installations (26 buildings): testing of different technical solutions and design of maintenance practices
  • Creation of new disposal system for photovoltaic panels and batteries: establishment of a pilot site
  • Comprehensive analysis of the current and potential batteries value chain in Lebanon: study and analysis of the legal framework
  • Assessment of energy saving on photovoltaic installations and test of 2nd life applications for batteries (lead and lithium)
  • Provision of financial support for small and medium-sized enterprises who are seeking to develop new services in the renewable energy business
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